Scarce Swallowtail
Small Apollo
Southern Festoon
Spanish Festoon
Tiger Swallowtail



Chequered Skipper
Dingy Skipper
Essex Skipper
Fiery Skipper
Grizzled Skipper
Large Chequered Skipper
Large Skipper
Lulworth Skipper
Mallow Skipper
Oberthür's Grizzled Skipper
Shy Saliana
Silver-spotted Skipper
Small Skipper



Bath White
Berger's Clouded Yellow
Black-veined White
Clouded Yellow
Cryptic Wood White
Dappled White
Green-veined White
Large White
Moorland Clouded Yellow
Pale Clouded Yellow
Real's Wood White
Small White
Wood White



Albin's Hampstead Eye
Almond-eyed Ringlet
American Painted Lady
Arran Brown
Blue Pansy
Camberwell Beauty
Cassia's Owl-butterfly
Dark Green Fritillary
False Grayling
Glanville Fritillary
Great Spangled Fritillary
Heath Fritillary
High Brown Fritillary
Illioneus Giant Owl
Indian Red Admiral
Large Heath
Large Tortoiseshell
Large Wall
Lesser Purple Emperor
Marbled White
Marsh Fritillary
Meadow Brown
Mediterranean Fritillary
Mountain Ringlet
Niobe Fritillary
Painted Lady
Pearl-bordered Fritillary
Purple Emperor
Queen of Spain Fritillary
Red Admiral
Scarce Tortoiseshell
Scotch Argus
Silver-washed Fritillary
Small Brown Shoemaker
Small Heath
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary
Small Tortoiseshell
Speckled Wood
Spotted Fritillary
Tamarindi Owlet
Weaver's Fritillary
White Admiral
Woodland Grayling



Duke of Burgundy



Adonis Blue
Black Hairstreak
Blue Spot Hairstreak
Brown Argus
Brown Hairstreak
Chalk Hill Blue
Common Blue
Geranium Bronze
Gray Hairstreak
Green Hairstreak
Green-underside Blue
Holly Blue
Ilex Hairstreak
Lang's Short-tailed Blue
Large Blue
Large Copper
Long-tailed Blue
Mazarine Blue
Northern Brown Argus
Purple Hairstreak
Purple-edged Copper
Purple-shot Copper
Scarce Copper
Short-tailed Blue
Silver-studded Blue
Slate Flash
Small Blue
Small Copper
Sooty Copper
Turquoise Blue
White-letter Hairstreak

Key: Primary, Secondary

UK Butterflies Donation

Posted on February 3, 2016

UK Butterflies is pleased to announce a donation of £1800 to Butterfly Conservation. The donation comes from sales of calendars, cards and photos - once again organised by Gary and Lisa Richardson without whom this annual donation would simply not be possible, and one of the reasons for them winning the very first UK Butterflies Outstanding Contribution Award back in 2010.

New Article! Of Lincolnshire High Skies, Hay Meadows and Mazarine Blues

Posted on January 22, 2016

This new article by Martin White explores the most likely ecological reasons for the extinction of the Mazarine Blue in Great Britain using, as its principal model, the butterfly's last known breeding colony in England. This research solidly complements the work of Cizek et al. (2012), arriving at exactly the same conclusion from an entirely different angle.

A New Year and a New Look!

Posted on January 15, 2016

UKB has a new look, designed to make the website feel less cluttered, more appealing and, most importantly, easier to maintain. All of the recent updates that were previously shown on the home page can now be found on the Latest Updates page, which is found under the Home menu. Click here to see a more detailed description of changes made.

The State of the UK's Butterflies 2015

Posted on December 15, 2015

Today saw the launch of "The State of the UK's Butterflies 2015", the most recent publication from Butterfly Conservation / Centre for Ecology & Hydrology, at the Huxley Lecture Theatre, at the Zoological Society of London. A PDF of the report can be found here which contains all of the facts and figures, and it makes for very sobering reading, with many of our butterflies continuing their long-term decline. There is also a brief summary of the launch in this forum topic.

UK Butterflies Annual Photography Competition

Posted on December 5, 2015

Congratulations to Iain Leach and John Bogle, who took the first 3 places between them in the annual 2015 UK Butterflies Annual Photography Competition! With a superb photo of a Small Blue, Iain wins a copy of The Video Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Ireland (DVD) which has been kindly donated by NatureGuides. Click here to see all of the winning entries.

Notes and Views, Issue 4 - May to August 2015

Posted on October 11, 2015

A new issue of Notes and Views provides a summary of interesting items posted on UK Butterflies and other media between 1st May and August 31st 2015.

A Review of Rainbow Dust

Posted on September 18, 2015

From the publisher: Much more than just another field guide or a natural history of butterflies Rainbow Dust explores the ways in which butterflies delight and inspire us all, naturalists and non-naturalists alike. Beginning with the author's own experience of hunting and rearing butterflies as a boy, Peter Marren considers the special place of the butterfly in art, literature, advertising and science, and, latterly, our attempts to conserve them. Rainbow Dust takes in the controversy over collecting, the women who studied them and the curious details that lead to butterflies being feared as well as loved. This is a celebration of butterflies; one shot through with a sense of wonder but also of sorrow at what we are losing. Click here to read the review.

A Review of In Pursuit of Butterflies

Posted on September 17, 2015

From the publisher: Matthew Oates has led a butterflying life. Naturalist, conservationist and passionate lover of poetry, he has devoted himself to these exalted creatures: to their observation, to singing their praises, and to ensuring their survival. Based on fifty years of detailed diaries, In Pursuit of Butterflies is the chronicle of this life. Oates leads the reader through a lifetime of butterflying, across the mountain tops, the peat bogs, sea cliffs, meadows, heaths, the chalk downs and great forests of the British Isles. Full of humour, zeal, digression, expertise and anecdote, this book provides a profound encounter with one of our great butterfly lovers, and with a half-century of butterflies in Britain. Click here to read the review.

New Article! Egg-laying Preferences of the Small Copper

Posted on August 9, 2015

This new article by William Langdon summarises a study into the egg-laying habits of the Small Copper (Lycaena phlaeas) on Common and Sheep's Sorrel in the author's garden in west Somerset. A survey of egg-laying was used to test the hypothesis that female Small Coppers would prefer to oviposit on shorter Sorrels that were regenerating after grazing, in the hope that the project's findings would enable the author to provide more of such Sorrels (thereby encouraging further breeding in my garden) and potentially inform habitat management for this species on a broader scale.

New Article! A History of the Large Blue in Somerset

Posted on July 3, 2015

This new article by Peter Andrews details historical records and specimens from Somerset of the extinct Large Blue Maculinea arion subspecies eutyphron (Fruhstorfer, 1915). There is also an account of I.R.P. Heslop's mid 20th century discoveries of M. arion in Somerset at previously unrecorded localities.

A Review of Pocket Guide to the Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland

Posted on June 14, 2015

From the publisher: This handy pocket-sized book has become the essential guide to identifying the butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland. It contains over 600 superb illustrations of the life stages of each species, together with beautiful artworks of butterflies in their natural settings and pertinent species information, distribution maps and life history charts. A selection of day-flying moths is also included for comparison. Presented in an accessible, easy-to-use field-guide format, this is an ideal guide for beginners, as well as for more experienced butterfly enthusiasts. This second edition has been fully revised and features a new, illustrated 'at-a-glance' identification guide to species within families, updated distribution maps and species accounts, as well as new spreads and artwork for the Cryptic Wood White and Scarce Tortoiseshell. Click here to read the review.

Notes and Views, Issue 3 - January to April 2015

Posted on May 19, 2015

A new issue of Notes and Views provides a summary of interesting items posted on UK Butterflies and other media between 1st January and 30th April 2015.

A Review of Butterflies of the World

Posted on May 18, 2015

From the publisher: A lavishly illustrated book covering the butterflies of the world, with informative text written by an expert author who has spent many years watching and studying lepidoptera around the world. Opening chapters cover the evolution, anatomy, lifecycle, ecology and taxonomy of the world's butterflies. The bulk of the book comprises chapters offering comprehensive coverage of each of the world's butterfly families, from the spectacular swallowtails, apollos, morphos and birdwings through to the cryptic browns, whites, skippers and hairstreaks. The pages are illustrated with hundreds of stunning colour photographs showing more than 350 images taken, mainly by the author, from locations around the world. Click here to read the review, by Guy Padfield.

New Article! The Butterfly Collection of the Bree Family

Posted on April 27, 2015

This new article by Mike Mead-Briggs describes the rediscovery of a small but historically-interesting collection of butterflies assembled by members of the Bree family, from Allesley in Warwickshire. Both the Rev. William Thomas Bree and his son, the Rev. William Bree, are cited in numerous 19th century books as being knowledgeable observers of butterflies. A wonderful read containing a wealth of information to be found nowhere else.

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