Arran Brown

Erebia ligea (e-ruh-BEE-uh li-JEE-uh)

Arran Brown - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date [Roger Gibbons]
Photo © Roger Gibbons
 

Checklist Number
59.006

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:SatyrinaeBoisduval, 1833
Tribe:ErebiiniTutt, 1896
Genus:ErebiaDalman, 1816
Subgenus:  
Species:ligea(Linnaeus, 1758)

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Introduction

The presence of this butterfly in the British Isles has long been disputed. However, there are several historical records that would suggest that it was once found in Scotland. The first record is from the Isle of Arran, Clyde Isles, Scotland, in 1803, from where this butterfly gets its name. Any confusion is not helped by the close similarity with the Scotch Argus, with some specimens of Arran Brown being discovered within series of Scotch Argus in old collections.

British specimens of this species are few and far between. There is certainly insufficient evidence to conclusively determine if the species was ever resident, a migrant, or accidentally or deliberately introduced.

Erebia ligea

This species was first defined in Linnaeus (1758) as shown here (type locality: Sweden).

Arran Brown - imago - Barboleuse, Gryon, Switzerland - 10-Jul-11

Male
Photo © Pete Eeles

Arran Brown - imago - Huémoz, Ollon, Switzerland - 15-Jul-11

Male Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Arran Brown - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date [Roger Gibbons]

Female
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Arran Brown - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date (2) [Roger Gibbons]

Female Underside
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Photo Album ...


History

The table below shows a chronology of vernacular names attributed to this species. Any qualification of the name (e.g. male, female) is shown in brackets after the name.

YearNameReference
1804-1805Arran BrownSowerby (1806)
1853Arran ArgusMorris (1853)
1856Scarce Scotch ArgusStephens (1856)

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

1.3 Unknown
 

This distribution status of this species is unknown.

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Erebia ligea

Arran Brown - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date (2) [Roger Gibbons]

Photo © Roger Gibbons

Arran Brown - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date [Roger Gibbons]

Photo © Roger Gibbons

Arran Brown - imago - Dobriniste, Pirin, Bulgaria - 02-Jul-07 (3)

Photo © Pete Eeles
02-Jul-2007

Arran Brown - imago - Rhodopi, Bulgaria - 07-Jul-07 (2)

Photo © Pete Eeles
07-Jul-2007

Arran Brown - imago - Rhodopi, Bulgaria - 07-Jul-07 (3)

Photo © Pete Eeles
07-Jul-2007

Arran Brown - imago - Barboleuse, Gryon, Switzerland - 10-Jul-11

Photo © Pete Eeles

Arran Brown - imago - Huémoz, Ollon, Switzerland - 15-Jul-11

Photo © Pete Eeles

Arran Brown - imago - Lauenensee, Lauenen, Switzerland - 10-Jul-11

Photo © Pete Eeles

Arran Brown - imago - Lauenensee, Lauenen, Switzerland - 10-Jul-11-2

Photo © Pete Eeles

Photo Album (9 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Erebia ligea - Ovum [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Larva

Description to be completed.

The primary larval foodplant is Grasses (various) (Gramineae spp.).

Erebia ligea - Larva [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Erebia ligea - Pupa [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos

No videos are currently available for this species.

The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Boisduval (1833) Boisduval, J.A. (1833) Icones historiques des Lépidoptères d'Europe nouveaux.
Dalman (1816) Dalman, J.W. (1816) Kongl. Svenska Vetenskaps akademiens Handlingar.
Linnaeus (1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae. Edition 10.
Morris (1853) Morris, Rev.F.O. (1853) A History of British Butterflies.
Rafinesque (1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815) Analyse de la nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés.
Sowerby (1806) Sowerby, J. (1806) The British Miscellany: or coloured figures of new, rare, or little known animal subjects.
Stephens (1856) Stephens, J.F. (1856) List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum.
Tutt (1896b) Tutt, J.W. (1896) The Classification of British Butterflies. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation.