A History of Vernacular Names

The tables below show a chronology of vernacular names attributed to each species. Any qualification of the name (e.g. male, female) is shown in brackets after the name. Salmon (2000) has been a key resource in compiling the information below.

Adonis Blue

YearNameReference
1717Lead ArgusPetiver (1717)
1775Clifden BlueHarris (1775b)
1853Dartford BlueMorris (1853)
1860Adonis BlueColeman (1860)
1913Clifton BlueNewman & Leeds (1913)

Albin's Hampstead Eye

YearNameReference
1717Albin's Hampstead EyePetiver (1717)
1832HampsteadRennie (1832)

Almond-eyed Ringlet

Description to be completed.

American Painted Lady

YearNameReference
1704VirginianaPetiver (1702-1706)
1853Scarce Painted LadyMorris (1853)
1853Hunter's CynthiaMorris (1853)
1860Beautiful Painted LadyNewman (1860)
1898Hunter's ButterflyHolland (1898)
1913American Painted LadyNewman & Leeds (1913)
1959Scarce LadyHeslop (1959)
1991Hunter's Painted LadyThomas & Lewington (1991)

Apollo

YearNameReference
1704Mr. Ray's Alpine ButterflyPetiver (1702-1706)
1832Crimson-ringedRennie (1832)
1832ApolloBrown (1832)

Arran Brown

YearNameReference
1804-1805Arran BrownSowerby (1806)
1853Arran ArgusMorris (1853)
1856Scarce Scotch ArgusStephens (1856)

Bath White

YearNameReference
1699Black and White Butterfly with the Underside Marbled Green (translated from Latin)Petiver (1695-1703)
1699Greenish Marbled Half-MournerPetiver (1695-1703)
1702Mr. Vernon's Half-MournerPetiver (1702-1706)
1706Vernon's Cambridge Half-MournerPetiver (1702-1706)
1717Slight Greenish Half-Mourner (male)Petiver (1717)
1717Vernon's Greenish Half-Mourner (female)Petiver (1717)
1795Bath WhiteLewin (1795)
1803Green Chequered WhiteHaworth (1803)
1832RocketRennie (1832)
1853Chequered WhiteMorris (1853)

Berger's Clouded Yellow

YearNameReference
1948New Clouded YellowBerger (1948)
1959Berger's Clouded YellowHeslop (1959)

Black Hairstreak

YearNameReference
1829Black HairstreakCurtis (1840)
1832Plumb HairstreakRennie (1832)
1852Dark HairstreakWood (1852)

Black-veined White

YearNameReference
1699White Butterfly with Black VeinsPetiver (1695-1703)
1766Black-veined WhiteHarris (1766)
1832HawthornRennie (1832)

Blue Pansy

Description to be completed.

Blue Spot Hairstreak

Description to be completed.

Brimstone

YearNameReference
1695Pale Brimstone (male)Petiver (1695-1703)
1695Brimstone (female)Petiver (1695-1703)
1710Male Straw Butterfly (female)Ray (1710)
1824BrimstoneJermyn (1824)
1832PrimroseRennie (1832)
1924SulphurFrohawk (1924)

Brown Argus

YearNameReference
1704Edg'd Brown ArgusPetiver (1702-1706)
1706Brown Edg'd ArgusPetiver (1702-1706)
1775Argus BlueHarris (1775b)
1795Brown BlueLewin (1795)
1803Brown ArgusHaworth (1803)
1819Black-spot BrownSamouelle (1819)
1853Brown Argus BlueMorris (1853)

Brown Hairstreak

YearNameReference
1703Brown Double Streak (male)Petiver (1702-1706)
1703Golden Brown Double Streak (female)Petiver (1702-1706)
1710Brown Hairstreak (male)Ray (1710)
1710Golden Hairstreak (female)Ray (1710)
1720Hair-streak Butter-flyAlbin (1720)
1749Brown HairstreakWilkes (1749)

Camberwell Beauty

YearNameReference
1749Willow ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1766Grand SurprizeHarris (1766)
1766Camberwell BeautyHarris (1766)
1803White BorderHaworth (1803)
1824White-BorderedJermyn (1824)
1913Willow BeautyNewman & Leeds (1913)
1913White PetticoatNewman & Leeds (1913)
1924Mourning CloakFrohawk (1924)

Cassia's Owl-butterfly

Description to be completed.

Chalk Hill Blue

YearNameReference
1704Pale Blue ArgusPetiver (1702-1706)
1775Chalk Hill BlueHarris (1775b)

Chequered Skipper

YearNameReference
1803Chequered SkipperHaworth (1803)
1819Scarce SkipperSamouelle (1819)
1853Spotted SkipperMorris (1853)

Cleopatra

YearNameReference
1970CleopatraHiggins & Riley (1970)

Clouded Yellow

YearNameReference
1703Saffron Butterfly (male)Petiver (1702-1706)
1717Spotted Saffron Butterfly (female)Petiver (1717)
1742Clouded YellowWilkes (1742)
1795Clouded OrangeLewin (1795)
1832Clouded SaffronRennie (1832)
1913Spotted Saffron ButterflyNewman & Leeds (1913)
1959Common Clouded YellowHeslop (1959)

Comma

YearNameReference
1717Silver, Pale, Jagged-wing and Small CommasPetiver (1717)
1742Comma ButterflyWilkes (1742)

Common Blue

YearNameReference
1699Little Blew ArgusPetiver (1695-1703)
1704Mixed Argus (female)Petiver (1702-1706)
1704Blew Argus (male)Petiver (1702-1706)
1717Selvedg'd ArgusPetiver (1717)
1742Ultramarine BlueWilkes (1742)
1749Blew ArgusWilkes (1749)
1775Common BlueHarris (1775a)
1832Caerulean ButterflyBrown (1832)
1832AlexisRennie (1832)

Cryptic Wood White

Description to be completed.

Dappled White

Description to be completed.

Dark Green Fritillary

YearNameReference
1700Great Sylver Spotted FritillaryBuddle (1700)
1742Darkened Green FritillaryWilkes (1742)
1766Dark Green FritillariaHarris (1766)
1795Silver-spotted FritillaryLewin (1795)
1803Dark Green FritillaryHaworth (1803)
1803Queen of England FritillaryHaworth (1803)
1832Charlotte ButterflyBrown (1832)

Dingy Skipper

YearNameReference
1704Handley's Brown ButterflyPetiver (1702-1706)
1706Handley's Brown Hog ButterflyPetiver (1702-1706)
1717Handley's Small Brown ButterflyPetiver (1717)
1766Dingey SkipperHarris (1766)
1824Dingy SkipperJermyn (1824)

Duke of Burgundy

YearNameReference
1699Mr. Vernon's Small FritillaryPetiver (1695-1703)
1766Duke of Burgundy Fritillaria or 'The Burgundy'Harris (1766)
1832DukeRennie (1832)
1853Duke of Burgundy FritillaryMorris (1853)
1959Duke of BurgundyHeslop (1959)

Essex Skipper

YearNameReference
1894New Small SkipperFurneaux (1894)
1896Scarce Small SkipperKirby (1896)
1897Lineola SkipperColeman (1897)
1906Essex SkipperSouth (1906)

False Grayling

Description to be completed.

Fiery Skipper

Description to be completed.

Gatekeeper

YearNameReference
1699Lesser Double-eyed ButterflyPetiver (1695-1703)
1717Hedge Eye with Double SpecksPetiver (1717)
1742Orange Field ButterflyWilkes (1742)
1766Orange Field Butterfly (female)Harris (1766)
1766Gate KeeperHarris (1766)
1775Large GatekeeperHarris (1775a)
1795Clouded ArgusLewin (1795)
1803Large HeathHaworth (1803)
1819Small Meadow BrownSamouelle (1819)
1913Hedge BrownNewman & Leeds (1913)
1913Hedge EyeNewman & Leeds (1913)

Geranium Bronze

Description to be completed.

Glanville Fritillary

YearNameReference
1703Lincolnshire FritillaryPetiver (1702-1706)
1717Dullidge FritillaryPetiver (1717)
1748Glanvil FretillaryDutfield (1748-1749)
1749Plaintain FritillaryWilkes (1749)
1766Glanvil FritillariaHarris (1766)
1803Glanville FritillaryHaworth (1803)

Gray Hairstreak

Description to be completed.

Grayling

YearNameReference
1699Black-eyed Marble ButterflyPetiver (1695-1703)
1703Brown Tunbridge Grayling (male)Petiver (1702-1706)
1703Tunbridge Grayling (female)Petiver (1702-1706)
1742Rock UnderwingWilkes (1742)
1766GrailingHarris (1766)
1769Black-eyed Marbled ButterflyBerkenhout (1769)
1775GraylineHarris (1775b)
1795Great ArgusLewin (1795)
1803GraylingHaworth (1803)
1853Rock-eyed UnderwingMorris (1853)
1913Tunbridge GraylingNewman & Leeds (1913)

Great Spangled Fritillary

Description to be completed.

Green Hairstreak

YearNameReference
1702Holly Under Green ButterflyPetiver (1702-1706)
1717Holly ButterflyPetiver (1717)
1749Green ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1766Green FlyHarris (1766)
1775Green PapillionHarris (1775a)
1775Bramble or Green FlyHarris (1775b)
1795Green HairstreakLewin (1795)
1819Green UndersideSamouelle (1819)

Green-underside Blue

Description to be completed.

Green-veined White

YearNameReference
1699Common White Veined ButterflyPetiver (1695-1703)
1717Lesser, White, Veined Butterfly (male, spring brood)Petiver (1717)
1717Common White Veined Butterfly with Single Spots (male, summer brood)Petiver (1717)
1717Common White Veined Butterfly with Double Spots (female)Petiver (1717)
1720Green Vein'd ButterflyAlbin (1720)
1749White Butterfly with Green VeinsWilkes (1749)
1795Green-veined WhiteLewin (1795)
1832NavewRennie (1832)

Grizzled Skipper

YearNameReference
1699Our Marsh FritillaryPetiver (1695-1703)
1704Mr. Dandridge's March FritillaryPetiver (1702-1706)
1749Grizzled ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1766GrizzleHarris (1766)
1769Brown March FritillaryBerkenhout (1769)
1795Spotted SkipperLewin (1795)
1813MallowDonovan (1813)
1819Mallow SkipperSamouelle (1819)
1824Grizzled SkipperJermyn (1824)

Heath Fritillary

YearNameReference
1699May FritillaryPetiver (1695-1703)
1717Straw May FritillaryPetiver (1717)
1749Heath FritillaryWilkes (1749)
1766Pearl Border or Pearl-bordered Likeness FritillaryHarris (1766)
1832Yellow CrescentRennie (1832)
1832Morning CrescentRennie (1832)
1832Black CrescentRennie (1832)

Hermit

Description to be completed.

High Brown Fritillary

YearNameReference
1699Greater Silver-spotted FritillaryPetiver (1695-1703)
1742High Brown FritillaryWilkes (1742)
1766High Brown FritillariaHarris (1766)
1795Violet Silver-spotted FritillaryLewin (1795)

Holly Blue

YearNameReference
1717Blue Speckt Butterfly (male)Petiver (1717)
1717Blue Speckt Butterfly with Black Tips (female)Petiver (1717)
1775Azure BlueHarris (1775b)
1795Wood BlueLewin (1795)
1853Holly BlueMorris (1853)
1913Blue Speckt ButterflyNewman & Leeds (1913)

Ilex Hairstreak

Description to be completed.

Illioneus Giant Owl

Description to be completed.

Indian Red Admiral

Description to be completed.

Julia

Description to be completed.

Lang's Short-tailed Blue

Description to be completed.

Large Blue

YearNameReference
1795Large BlueLewin (1795)
1797Mazarine BlueDonovan (1797)
1832ArionRennie (1832)

Large Chequered Skipper

Description to be completed.

Large Copper

YearNameReference
1749Orange Argus of ElloeGreen (1749)
1795Large CopperLewin (1795)
1798Great CopperDonovan (1798)
1832Swift CopperRennie (1832)

Large Heath

YearNameReference
1795Manchester ArgusLewin (1795)
1795Manchester RingletLewin (1795)
1797Scarce Meadow BrownDonovan (1797)
1803Large HeathHaworth (1803)
1803Scarce HeathHaworth (1803)
1853Heath ButterflyMorris (1853)

Large Skipper

YearNameReference
1704Chequer-like Hog (male)Petiver (1702-1706)
1704Chequered Hog (female)Petiver (1702-1706)
1717Streakt Cloudy Hog (male)Petiver (1717)
1717Cloudy Hog (female)Petiver (1717)
1766Large SkipperHarris (1766)
1819Wood SkipperSamouelle (1819)
1832Clouded SkipperRennie (1832)

Large Tortoiseshell

YearNameReference
1699Greater TortoiseshellPetiver (1695-1703)
1742Large TortoiseshellWilkes (1742)
1795Elm TortoiseshellLewin (1795)
1832ElmRennie (1832)

Large Wall

Description to be completed.

Large White

YearNameReference
1703Greater White Cabbage-ButterflyPetiver (1702-1706)
1717Great Female Cabbage ButterflyPetiver (1717)
1720Great White Butter-flyAlbin (1720)
1749Large White Garden ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1769Great White Cabbage-ButterflyBerkenhout (1769)
1803Large WhiteHaworth (1803)
1819Large CabbageSamouelle (1819)
1832Large White Cabbage ButterflyBrown (1832)
1832CabbageRennie (1832)
1896Large Cabbage White ButterflyKirby (1896)

Lesser Purple Emperor

Description to be completed.

Long-tailed Blue

YearNameReference
1860Tailed BlueColeman (1860)
1860Brighton ArgusNewman (1860)
1860Long-tailed BlueColeman (1860)
1871Pea-pod ArgusNewman (1871)
1896Large Tailed BlueKirby (1896)

Lulworth Skipper

YearNameReference
1833Lulworth SkipperCurtis (1840)

Mallow Skipper

YearNameReference
1923Surrey SkipperFrohawk (1923)
1970Mallow SkipperHiggins & Riley (1970)

Map

YearNameReference
1970Map ButterflyHiggins & Riley (1970)
1990European MapEmmet (1990)

Marbled White

YearNameReference
1695Our Half-MournerPetiver (1695-1703)
1710Half-mournerRay (1710)
1717Common Half-mournerPetiver (1717)
1742MarmorisWilkes (1742)
1749Marble ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1766MarmoressHarris (1766)
1766Marbled WhiteHarris (1766)
1795Marbled ArgusLewin (1795)
1819Marbled ButterflySamouelle (1819)
1841Marbled White Half-mournerWestwood (1841)

Marsh Fritillary

YearNameReference
1717Dandridge's Midling Black FritillaryPetiver (1717)
1717Small Black FritillaryPetiver (1717)
1749Small Fritillary ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1766Dishclout or Greasey FritillariaHarris (1766)
1795Marsh FritillaryLewin (1795)
1803Greasy FritillaryHaworth (1803)
1832ScabiousRennie (1832)

Mazarine Blue

YearNameReference
1795Dark BlueLewin (1795)
1803Mazarine BlueHaworth (1803)

Meadow Brown

YearNameReference
1699Brown Meadow Ey'd Butterfly (male)Petiver (1695-1703)
1699Golden Meadow Ey'd Butterfly (female)Petiver (1695-1703)
1717Golden Meadow-Eye (female)Petiver (1717)
1717Brown Meadow-Eye (male)Petiver (1717)
1720Meadow Brown ButterflyAlbin (1720)
1795Meadow Brown ArgusLewin (1795)
1853Large Meadow BrownMorris (1853)

Mediterranean Fritillary

YearNameReference
1970CardinalHiggins & Riley (1970)
1990Mediterranean FritillaryEmmet (1990)

Monarch

YearNameReference
1832ArchippusBrown (1832)
1901MonarchKirby (1906)
1906MilkweedSouth (1906)
1913Black-veined BrownNewman & Leeds (1913)

Moorland Clouded Yellow

Description to be completed.

Mountain Ringlet

YearNameReference
1812Small Mountain RingletHaworth (1803)
1812Mountain RingletHaworth (1803)
1841Small RingletWestwood (1841)

Niobe Fritillary

YearNameReference
1832Abbot's FritillaryRennie (1832)
1913Niobe FritillaryNewman & Leeds (1913)

Northern Brown Argus

YearNameReference
1795Brown WhitespotLewin (1795)
1803Scotch ArgusHaworth (1803)
1813ArtaxerxesDonovan (1813)
1819White-spot BrownSamouelle (1819)
1853Brown Argus BlueMorris (1853)
1871Scotch Brown ArgusNewman (1871)
1906Scotch White SpotSouth (1906)
1959Scotch Brown BlueHeslop (1959)
1973Northern Brown ArgusHowarth (1973)

Oberthür's Grizzled Skipper

Description to be completed.

Orange-tip

YearNameReference
1699White Marbled Male Butterfly (male)Petiver (1695-1703)
1699White Marbled Female Butterfly (female)Petiver (1695-1703)
1710Common White Marble Male ButterflyRay (1710)
1710Common White Marble Female ButterflyRay (1710)
1742Lady of the WoodsWilkes (1742)
1748Wood LadyDutfield (1748-1749)
1748Prince of OrangeDutfield (1748-1749)
1749Orange-tip ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1853Orange TippedMorris (1853)
1959Orange-tip WhiteHeslop (1959)

Painted Lady

YearNameReference
1699Papilio Bella DonnaPetiver (1695-1703)
1699Painted LadyPetiver (1695-1703)
1795Thistle ButterflyLewin (1795)

Pale Clouded Yellow

YearNameReference
1775Pale Clouded Yellow (female)Harris (1775b)
1795Clouded Yellow (male)Lewin (1795)
1803Clouded SulphurHaworth (1803)
1824Pale Clouded YellowJermyn (1824)
1832Clouded YellowRennie (1832)

Peacock

YearNameReference
1699Peacock's EyePetiver (1695-1703)
1742Peacock ButterflyWilkes (1742)

Pearl-bordered Fritillary

YearNameReference
1699April FritillaryPetiver (1695-1703)
1717April Fritillary with Few SpotsPetiver (1717)
1766Pearl Border FritillariaHarris (1766)
1824Pearl-bordered FritillaryJermyn (1824)
1832PrinceRennie (1832)
1959Large Pearl-bordered FritillaryHeslop (1959)

Purple Emperor

YearNameReference
1704Mr. Dale's Purple EyePetiver (1702-1706)
1742Purple EmperorWilkes (1742)
1749Purple HighflyerWilkes (1749)
1749Emperor of the WoodsWilkes (1749)
1795Purple ShadesLewin (1795)
1832EmperorRennie (1832)
1853Emperor of MoroccoMorris (1853)

Purple Hairstreak

YearNameReference
1702Mr. Ray's Purple StreakPetiver (1702-1706)
1717Mr. Ray's Blue Hairstreak (male)Petiver (1717)
1717Our blue Hairstreak (female)Petiver (1717)
1720Purple Hair-streakAlbin (1720)

Purple-edged Copper

YearNameReference
1824Purple-edged CopperJermyn (1824)
1832Swift CopperRennie (1832)

Purple-shot Copper

Description to be completed.

Queen of Spain Fritillary

YearNameReference
1702Riga FritillaryPetiver (1702-1706)
1710Lesser Silver-spottedRay (1710)
1775Queen of Spain FritillaryHarris (1775b)
1795Scalloped-winged FritillaryLewin (1795)
1832PrincessRennie (1832)

Red Admiral

YearNameReference
1699AdmiralPetiver (1695-1703)
1748AldermanDutfield (1748-1749)
1749AdmirableWilkes (1749)
1775Scarlet AdmiralHarris (1775b)
1799Red AdmiralDonovan (1799)

Ringlet

YearNameReference
1699Brown Eyed Butterfly with Yellow CirclesPetiver (1695-1703)
1717Brown Seven EyesPetiver (1717)
1717Brown and EyesPetiver (1717)
1766RingletHarris (1766)
1769Brown-Eyed ButterflyBerkenhout (1769)
1795Brown ArgusLewin (1795)
1853Wood RingletMorris (1853)
1959Common RingletHeslop (1959)

Scarce Copper

YearNameReference
1795Scarce CopperLewin (1795)
1824Middle CopperJermyn (1824)
1832Golden RodRennie (1832)
1913Golden CopperNewman & Leeds (1913)

Scarce Swallowtail

YearNameReference
1795Scarce SwallowtailLewin (1795)

Scarce Tortoiseshell

Description to be completed.

Scotch Argus

YearNameReference
1807Scotch ArgusDonovan (1807)
1832Scotch RingletRennie (1832)
1871Northern BrownNewman (1871)

Short-tailed Blue

YearNameReference
1896Small Tailed BlueKirby (1896)
1906Bloxworth BlueSouth (1906)
1913Short-tailed BlueNewman & Leeds (1913)

Shy Saliana

Description to be completed.

Silver-spotted Skipper

YearNameReference
1775Pearl SkipperHarris (1775a)
1795August SkipperLewin (1795)
1803Silver-spotted SkipperHaworth (1803)

Silver-studded Blue

YearNameReference
1717Small Lead ArgusPetiver (1717)
1775Silver-studded BlueHarris (1775b)
1832Lead BlueRennie (1832)
1913Lead ArgusNewman & Leeds (1913)

Silver-washed Fritillary

YearNameReference
1699Greater Silver-streaked FritillaryPetiver (1695-1703)
1717Greater Silverstreakt Orange Fritillary (male)Petiver (1717)
1717Greater Silverstreakt Golden Fritillary (female)Petiver (1717)
1742Great FritillaryWilkes (1742)
1766Silver-washed FretillariaHarris (1766)
1775Silver Wash FritillaryHarris (1775a)
1795Silver Streak FritillaryLewin (1795)
1798Silver Stripe FritillaryDonovan (1798)
1803Silver-washed FritillaryHaworth (1803)
1910Silver-stroaked FritillaryRay (1710)

Slate Flash

Description to be completed.

Small Apollo

Description to be completed.

Small Blue

YearNameReference
1795Small BlueLewin (1795)
1819Bedford BlueSamouelle (1819)
1853Little BlueMorris (1853)

Small Brown Shoemaker

Description to be completed.

Small Copper

YearNameReference
1699Small Golden Black-Spotted Meadow ButterflyPetiver (1695-1703)
1717Small Tortoise-shellPetiver (1717)
1766CopperHarris (1766)
1769Small Golden Black-Spotted ButterflyBerkenhout (1769)
1795Small CopperLewin (1795)
1803Common CopperHaworth (1803)
1853Common Small CopperMorris (1853)

Small Heath

YearNameReference
1699Small Heath ButterflyPetiver (1695-1703)
1717Golden Eye HeathPetiver (1717)
1717Selvedg'd Heath EyePetiver (1717)
1766Little or Small GatekeeperHarris (1766)
1795Small ArgusLewin (1795)
1832Golden EyeRennie (1832)
1853Least Meadow BrownMorris (1853)

Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary

YearNameReference
1710April FritillaryRay (1710)
1742Small Pearl Border FritillaryWilkes (1742)
1766Small Pearl Border FritillariaHarris (1766)
1795May FritillaryLewin (1795)
1803Pearl-bordered FritillaryHaworth (1803)
1819Pearly Border LikenessSamouelle (1819)
1824Small Pearl-bordered FritillaryJermyn (1824)
1832Silver Spot FritillaryRennie (1832)

Small Skipper

YearNameReference
1704Streaked Golden Hog (male)Petiver (1702-1706)
1704Spotless Golden Hog (female)Petiver (1702-1706)
1766Small SkipperHarris (1766)
1832Great Streak SkipperRennie (1832)
1959Common Small SkipperHeslop (1959)

Small Tortoiseshell

YearNameReference
1699Lesser or Common Tortoise-shell ButterflyPetiver (1695-1703)
1742Small TortoiseshellWilkes (1742)
1766Tortoise-shellHarris (1766)
1795Nettle TortoiseshellLewin (1795)

Small White

YearNameReference
1703Lesser White Cabbage ButterflyPetiver (1702-1706)
1710Smaller Common White ButterflyRay (1710)
1717Lesser White Single-Spotted Butterfly (male, summer brood)Petiver (1717)
1717Lesser White Double-Spotted Butterfly (female, spring brood)Petiver (1717)
1717Lesser White Treble-Spotted Butterfly (female, summer brood)Petiver (1717)
1717Lesser White Unspotted Butterfly (male, spring brood)Petiver (1717)
1749Small White Garden ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1803Small WhiteHaworth (1803)
1819Small Cabbage ButterflySamouelle (1819)
1832TurnipRennie (1832)
1856Small White CabbageStephens (1856)
1896Small Cabbage WhiteKirby (1896)

Sooty Copper

Description to be completed.

Southern Festoon

Description to be completed.

Spanish Festoon

Description to be completed.

Speckled Wood

YearNameReference
1704Enfield EyePetiver (1702-1706)
1749Wood ArgusWilkes (1749)
1766Speckled WoodHarris (1766)
1853Wood LadyMorris (1853)

Spotted Fritillary

Description to be completed.

Swallowtail

YearNameReference
1699Royal WilliamPetiver (1695-1703)
1742SwallowtailWilkes (1742)
1832QueenRennie (1832)
1860Swallow-tailed ButterflyColeman (1860)
1959Common SwallowtailHeslop (1959)

Tamarindi Owlet

Description to be completed.

Tiger Swallowtail

Description to be completed.

Turquoise Blue

Description to be completed.

Wall

YearNameReference
1699Golden Marbled Butterfly, with Black EyesPetiver (1695-1703)
1717London Eye (female)Petiver (1717)
1717London Eye, with a Black List (male)Petiver (1717)
1749Great Argus ButterflyWilkes (1749)
1766WallHarris (1766)
1795Orange ArgusLewin (1795)
1819GatekeeperSamouelle (1819)
1853Speckled WallMorris (1853)
1896Wall BrownKirby (1896)

Weaver's Fritillary

YearNameReference
1832GoddessRennie (1832)
1860Weaver's FritillaryColeman (1860)
1970Violet FritillaryHiggins & Riley (1970)

White Admiral

YearNameReference
1703White Leghorn AdmiralPetiver (1702-1706)
1706Leghorn White AdmiralPetiver (1702-1706)
1717White AdmiralPetiver (1717)
1742White AdmirableWilkes (1742)
1832HoneysuckleRennie (1832)

White-letter Hairstreak

YearNameReference
1703Hair-streakPetiver (1702-1706)
1775Dark HairstreakHarris (1775b)
1808Black HairstreakDonovan (1808)
1841w-hairstreakWestwood (1841)
1853White W-HairstreakMorris (1853)
1894White-letter HairstreakFurneaux (1894)

Wood White

YearNameReference
1710Small WhiteRay (1710)
1717Small White Wood Butterfly (male)Petiver (1717)
1717White Small Tipped Butterfly (female)Petiver (1717)
1766Wood WhiteHarris (1766)
1799Wood LadyDonovan (1799)
1852White WoodWood (1852)

Woodland Grayling

Description to be completed.

Zebra

Description to be completed.