# Species Phenologies

This page contains a summary of the phenology of each of the primary species:

- 9 butterflies overwinter as an ovum (egg).
- 32 butterflies overwinter as a larva (caterpillar).
- 12 butterflies overwinter as a pupa (chrysalis).
- 4 butterflies overwinter as an imago (adult).

Some additional notes:

- The Speckled Wood is unique in that it can overwinter in 1 of 2 stages - as either a larva or pupa - and this has been recognised in both the number of overwintering larvae and pupae above.
- Clouded Yellow, Painted Lady and Red Admiral are mainly migrants and the vast majority fail to overwinter, and so are excluded from the numbers above.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Gonepteryx rhamni ssp. rhamni*

*Gonepteryx rhamni ssp. gravesi*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Colias croceus ssp. croceus f. croceus*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Polygonia c-album ssp. c-album f. c-album*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Polyommatus icarus ssp. icarus*

*Polyommatus icarus ssp. mariscolore*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Erynnis tages ssp. tages*

*Erynnis tages ssp. baynesi*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Hipparchia semele ssp. semele*

*Hipparchia semele ssp. scota*

*Hipparchia semele ssp. thyone*

*Hipparchia semele ssp. atlantica*

*Hipparchia semele ssp. clarensis*

*Hipparchia semele ssp. hibernica*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Pieris napi ssp. sabellicae*

*Pieris napi ssp. britannica*

*Pieris napi ssp. thomsoni*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Maculinea arion ssp. arion*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Coenonympha tullia ssp. davus*

*Coenonympha tullia ssp. polydama*

*Coenonympha tullia ssp. scotica*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Maniola jurtina ssp. splendida*

*Maniola jurtina ssp. cassiteridum*

*Maniola jurtina ssp. iernes*

*Maniola jurtina ssp. insularis*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Erebia epiphron ssp. mnemon*

*Erebia epiphron ssp. scotica*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Aricia artaxerxes ssp. artaxerxes*

*Aricia artaxerxes ssp. salmacis*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Anthocharis cardamines ssp. britannica*

*Anthocharis cardamines ssp. hibernica*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Erebia aethiops ssp. aethiops*

*Erebia aethiops ssp. caledonia*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Plebejus argus ssp. argus*

*Plebejus argus ssp. caernensis*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Argynnis paphia ssp. paphia f. paphia*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Lycaena phlaeas ssp. eleus*

*Lycaena phlaeas ssp. hibernica*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Coenonympha pamphilus ssp. pamphilus*

*Coenonympha pamphilus ssp. rhoumensis*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Pararge aegeria ssp. tircis*

*Pararge aegeria ssp. oblita*

*Pararge aegeria ssp. insula*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

*Papilio machaon ssp. britannicus*

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

The first chart below is taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.