Species Distributions

This page contains a summary of the distribution of each species.

Alignment with Agassiz (2013)

The distribution categories are based on Agassiz (2013) which contains 3 lists of species:

UK Butterflies Refinement

Species that fall into the Main category have been subdivided further as follows:

Those species in categories 1.0 (and, by exception, the Large Tortoiseshell, which is in category 1.2) show their distribution, and all other species are provided an appropriate label in the summary below.

Primary and Secondary Species

Several pages on UK Butterflies simplify the characterisation in Agassiz (2013), and simply refer to "Primary" and "Secondary" species. Primary species are those in categories 1.0, 1.1 and 1.2; secondary species are all others.

3. Questionable
2. Adventive
1.2 Rare Migrant
1.3 Unknown
Adonis Blue
Polyommatus bellargus
Albin's Hampstead Eye
Junonia villida
Almond-eyed Ringlet
Erebia alberganus
American Painted Lady
Vanessa virginiensis
Apollo
Parnassius apollo
1.3 Unknown
1.2 Rare Migrant
1.2 Rare Migrant
1.1 Extinct
Arran Brown
Erebia ligea
Bath White
Pontia daplidice
Berger's Clouded Yellow
Colias alfacariensis
Black Hairstreak
Satyrium pruni
Black-veined White
Aporia crataegi
2. Adventive
3. Questionable
Blue Pansy
Junonia oenone
Blue Spot Hairstreak
Satyrium spini
Brimstone
Gonepteryx rhamni
Brown Argus
Aricia agestis
Brown Hairstreak
Thecla betulae
1.2 Rare Migrant
2. Adventive
1.3 Unknown
Camberwell Beauty
Nymphalis antiopa
Cassia's Owl-butterfly
Opsiphanes cassiae
Chalk Hill Blue
Polyommatus coridon
Chequered Skipper
Carterocephalus palaemon
Cleopatra
Gonepteryx cleopatra
1.3 Unknown
Clouded Yellow
Colias croceus
Comma
Polygonia c-album
Common Blue
Polyommatus icarus
Cryptic Wood White
Leptidea juvernica
Dappled White
Euchloe simplonia
2. Adventive
Dark Green Fritillary
Argynnis aglaja
Dingy Skipper
Erynnis tages
Duke of Burgundy
Hamearis lucina
Essex Skipper
Thymelicus lineola
False Grayling
Arethusana arethusa
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
Fiery Skipper
Hylephila phyleus
Gatekeeper
Pyronia tithonus
Geranium Bronze
Cacyreus marshalli
Glanville Fritillary
Melitaea cinxia
Gray Hairstreak
Strymon melinus
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
Grayling
Hipparchia semele
Great Spangled Fritillary
Argynnis cybele
Green Hairstreak
Callophrys rubi
Green-underside Blue
Glaucopsyche alexis
Green-veined White
Pieris napi
2. Adventive
Grizzled Skipper
Pyrgus malvae
Heath Fritillary
Melitaea athalia
Hermit
Chazara briseis
High Brown Fritillary
Argynnis adippe
Holly Blue
Celastrina argiolus
3. Questionable
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
1.3 Unknown
Ilex Hairstreak
Satyrium ilicis
Illioneus Giant Owl
Caligo illioneus
Indian Red Admiral
Vanessa indica
Julia
Dryas julia
Lang's Short-tailed Blue
Leptotes pirithous
1.1 Extinct
1.1 Extinct
Large Blue
Maculinea arion
Large Chequered Skipper
Heteropterus morpheus
Large Copper
Lycaena dispar
Large Heath
Coenonympha tullia
Large Skipper
Ochlodes sylvanus
2. Adventive
3. Questionable
1.2 Rare Migrant
Large Tortoiseshell
Nymphalis polychloros
Large Wall
Lasiommata maera
Large White
Pieris brassicae
Lesser Purple Emperor
Apatura ilia
Long-tailed Blue
Lampides boeticus
2. Adventive
1.3 Unknown
Lulworth Skipper
Thymelicus acteon
Mallow Skipper
Carcharodus alceae
Map
Araschnia levana
Marbled White
Melanargia galathea
Marsh Fritillary
Euphydryas aurinia
1.1 Extinct
1.3 Unknown
1.2 Rare Migrant
3. Questionable
Mazarine Blue
Cyaniris semiargus
Meadow Brown
Maniola jurtina
Mediterranean Fritillary
Argynnis pandora
Monarch
Danaus plexippus
Moorland Clouded Yellow
Colias palaeno
3. Questionable
2. Adventive
Mountain Ringlet
Erebia epiphron
Niobe Fritillary
Argynnis niobe
Northern Brown Argus
Aricia artaxerxes
Oberthür's Grizzled Skipper
Pyrgus armoricanus
Orange-tip
Anthocharis cardamines
1.2 Rare Migrant
Painted Lady
Vanessa cardui
Pale Clouded Yellow
Colias hyale
Peacock
Aglais io
Pearl-bordered Fritillary
Boloria euphrosyne
Purple Emperor
Apatura iris
3. Questionable
2. Adventive
1.2 Rare Migrant
Purple Hairstreak
Favonius quercus
Purple-edged Copper
Lycaena hippothoe
Purple-shot Copper
Lycaena alciphron
Queen of Spain Fritillary
Issoria lathonia
Red Admiral
Vanessa atalanta
3. Questionable
1.3 Unknown
1.2 Rare Migrant
Ringlet
Aphantopus hyperantus
Scarce Copper
Lycaena virgaureae
Scarce Swallowtail
Iphiclides podalirius
Scarce Tortoiseshell
Nymphalis xanthomelas
Scotch Argus
Erebia aethiops
1.2 Rare Migrant
2. Adventive
Short-tailed Blue
Cupido argiades
Shy Saliana
Saliana longirostris
Silver-spotted Skipper
Hesperia comma
Silver-studded Blue
Plebejus argus
Silver-washed Fritillary
Argynnis paphia
3. Questionable
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
Slate Flash
Rapala manea
Small Apollo
Parnassius phoebus
Small Blue
Cupido minimus
Small Brown Shoemaker
Hypanartia lethe
Small Copper
Lycaena phlaeas
Small Heath
Coenonympha pamphilus
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary
Boloria selene
Small Skipper
Thymelicus sylvestris
Small Tortoiseshell
Aglais urticae
Small White
Pieris rapae
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
1.3 Unknown
Sooty Copper
Lycaena tityrus
Southern Festoon
Zerynthia polyxena
Spanish Festoon
Zerynthia rumina
Speckled Wood
Pararge aegeria
Spotted Fritillary
Melitaea didyma
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
3. Questionable
Swallowtail
Papilio machaon
Tamarindi Owlet
Opsiphanes tamarindi
Tiger Swallowtail
Papilio glaucus
Turquoise Blue
Polyommatus dorylas
Wall
Lasiommata megera
2. Adventive
2. Adventive
Weaver's Fritillary
Boloria dia
White Admiral
Limenitis camilla
White-letter Hairstreak
Satyrium w-album
Wood White
Leptidea sinapis
Woodland Grayling
Hipparchia fagi
2. Adventive
Zebra
Colobura dirce