Long-tailed Blue

Lampides boeticus (lam-PY-deez BEE-ti-cuss)

Long-tailed Blue female - Beeding Cement Works, West Sussex 27-Sept-2013
Photo © Neil Hulme
 

Wingspan
Male: 32 - 34mm
Female: 36 - 42mm

Checklist Number
61.008

Family:LycaenidaeLeach, 1815
Subfamily:PolyommatinaeSwainson, 1827
Tribe:PolyommatiniSwainson, 1827
Genus:LampidesHübner, [1819]
Subgenus:  
Species:boeticus(Linnaeus, 1767)

< Previous SpeciesNext Species >

Introduction

The Long-tailed Blue is an extremely rare migrant to the British Isles. It was first recorded from Brighton in East Sussex, and Christchurch in Hampshire, in August 1859. By 1939 a mere 36 sightings had been recorded - mostly of individuals. Between 1940 and 1988 another 85 sightings were recorded. The only major immigration was in 1945, a good year for migrants in general, when there were 38 sightings. A recent immigrant was observed in Hampshire in 2006.

However, the most noticeable influx occurred in 2013 when Long-tailed Blue were seen at 9 sites in Devon, Hampshire, Sussex, Kent and Suffolk. Mating pairs, eggs and larvae were also found, confirming that the species had successfully bred and, on 8th September 2013, the first of the offspring emerged in Wiltshire and Kent. Sightings from other counties followed, with sightings continuing into October.

On the continent, this butterfly is considered a pest of pea crops, one of the larval foodplants, where it can cause considerable damage. This butterfly is continuously-brooded on the continent but is unable to survive our winters. Although this species is a rare migrant to the British Isles, it is one of the most-widely distributed Lycaenids in the world. The vast majority of records in the British Isles are from the south of England and the Channel Islands.

Lampides boeticus

This species was first defined in Linnaeus (1767) as shown here (type locality: Algeria).

Long-tailed Blue male - Upper Beeding, Sussex 8-Oct-2015

Male
Photo © Neil Hulme

Long-tailed-Blue-male- 5D39996b Kent 25 Sep 2013

Male Underside
Photo © IainLeach

Long-tailed Blue female - Newhaven Tide Mills, Sussex 19-Sept-2015

Female
Photo © Neil Hulme

Long-tailed-Blue-female- 5D33010 Kent 25 Sep 2013

Female Underside
Photo © IainLeach

Photo Album ...


Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

The adult butterfly is most-often seen flying around garden flowers, especially those which are potential foodplants. However, it may also be found on open downland.

Distribution

1.2 Rare Migrant
 

This species is a rare migrant to the British Isles.

Life Cycle

The butterfly is rarely seen before the second half of July, with the peak of sightings being recorded at the end of August and into September.

The chart(s) above have been correlated with the phenology plot below, taken from the UK Butterfly Monitoring Scheme. The blue line gives average counts over the full data set from 1976 to date, and the red line gives the average for the last year.

Imago

The adult butterfly has a jerky and rapid flight that is very similar to a hairstreak, but flies closer to the ground. It is also a strong flyer, borne out by its ability to migrate over large expanses of land and water. This butterfly possesses a pair of "tails" that give this species its name, together with an eye spot where the tails meet the wings. These act to divert a predator, such as a bird, away from the essential body parts. When at rest, the butterfly will rotate the hindwings which causes the tails to move, diverting predators from the more-important parts of the body.

Description to be completed.

Lampides boeticus

Long-tailed-Blue-female- 5D33206 Kent 25 Sep 2013

Photo © IainLeach
Hatched in Kent

Long-tailed Blue female - Newhaven Tide Mills, Sussex 19-Sept-2015

Photo © Neil Hulme
Hatched in Sussex
19-Sep-2015

Long-tailed Blue Female - Kingsdown Leas - 25-Sept-2013

Photo © PhiliB
Hatched in Kent
25-Sep-2013

Long-tailed Blue pair - near Reculver, Kent 8-Oct-2013

Photo © Hoggers
Hatched in Kent
08-Oct-2013

Long-Tailed Blue - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date [Martin Jenkins]

Photo © Martin Jenkins

Long-tailed Blue - female - Thatcham - 24-Oct-13 (2) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
24-Oct-2013

Long-tailed Blue, Courtship Courtship 08-09-2015 Sussex Coast

Photo © Butterflysaurus rex
Sussex

Long-tailed Blue ovipositing female 1 - Kingsdown Leas, Kent 19.8.13

Photo © Neil Hulme
Kent
19-Aug-2013

Long-tailed Blue, Male, Kingsdown Leas, Kent 6 October 2013

Photo © Pauline
Hatched in Kent
06-Oct-2013

Long-tailed Blue female - Newhaven Tide Mills, Sussex 19-Sept-2015

Photo © Neil Hulme
Hatched in Sussex
19-Sep-2015

Long-tailed Blue, Male, Kingsdown Leas, Kent 6 October 2013

Photo © Pauline
Hatched in Kent
06-Oct-2013

Long-tailed Blue, Male, Kingsdown Leas, Kent 6 October 2013

Photo © Pauline
Hatched in kent
06-Oct-2013

Long-tailed Blue male - Kingsdown Leas, Kent 19.8.13

Photo © Neil Hulme
Kent
19-Aug-2013

Long-tailed-Blue-female- 5D31169 Kent 25 Sep 2013

Photo © IainLeach
Hatched in Kent

Long-tailed Blue male4 - Newhaven, Sussex 6-Oct-2013

Photo © Neil Hulme
Hatched in Sussex
06-Oct-2013

Long-tailed-Blue-male- 5D39817 Kent 25 Sep 2013

Photo © IainLeach
Hatched in Kent

Long-tailed Blue, Mating 08-09-2015 Sussex Coast

Photo © Butterflysaurus rex
Sussex

Long-tailed Blue (f) 25.9.13, Newhaven, East Sussex.

Photo © downland boy
Hatched in Sussex
25-Sep-2013

Long-tailed Blue, male. near Beachy Head 5/10/2013.

Photo © badgerbob
Hatched in Sussex
05-Oct-2013

Long-tailed Blue female - Kingsdown Leas, Kent 18-Sept-2013

Photo © Neil Hulme
Hatched in Kent
18-Sep-2013

Photo Album ...


Ovum

This butterfly is known to have bred in the British Isles and 26 eggs were first found near Dorking in Surrey on 12th July 1952 from the flowers of Broad-leaved Everlasting-pea. The eggs hatch after around a week.

Long-Tailed Blue - ovum - Portugal - 05-Aug-11 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles

Long-Tailed Blue - ovum - Portugal - 10-Aug-11 (2)

Photo © Pete Eeles

Long-Tailed Blue - ovum - Portugal - 10-Aug-11 (2)-2

Photo © Pete Eeles

Long-tailed Blue ovum on Everlasting Pea - Pett, Nr Rye, East Sussex 9-Aug-2013 [Ralph Hobbs]

Photo © Ralph Hobbs
Sussex
09-Aug-2013

Long-tailed Blue (ovum, shortly after emergence), Newhaven, East Sussex (20 August 2013)

Photo © Mark Colvin
Sussex

Long-tailed Blue (freshly laid ova), East Sussex (12 September 2015)

Photo © Mark Colvin
Sussex
12-Sep-2015

Long-tailed Blue ova. 8/9/2015.  Seaford. East Sussex.

Photo © badgerbob

Photo Album ...


Larva

The woodlouse-shaped larva first feeds on the flowers of the foodplant, but eventually enters a pod where it feeds on the contents. This stage lasts between 3 and 4 weeks.

The primary larval foodplants are Bladder-senna (Colutea arborescens), Broad-leaved Everlasting-pea (Lathyrus latifolius), Broom (Cytisus scoparius) and Narrow-leaved Everlasting-pea (Lathyrus sylvestris). Mange-tout pea (Pisum sativum) is also used.

Long-Tailed Blue - larva - Thatcham - 29-Oct-09 (2) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
29-Oct-2009

Long-Tailed Blue - larva - Thatcham - 29-Oct-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
29-Oct-2009

Long-Tailed Blue - larva - Thatcham - 03-Nov-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Nov-2009

Long-Tailed Blue - larva - Thatcham - 29-Oct-09 (3) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
29-Oct-2009

Long-tailed Blue larva in pea flower - reared Sussex 28-August-2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Long-tailed Blue (3rd instar) larva - reared Sussex, August 2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Long-tailed Blue (4th instar) larva - reared Sussex, August 2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Long-tailed Blue larva preparing to pupate - reared Sussex, September 2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Photo Album ...


Pupa

The pupa is attached to withered leaves by a girdle. This stage lasts around 10 days.

Long-Tailed Blue - pupa - Thatcham - 09-Oct-05 (3) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Oct-2005

Long-Tailed Blue - pupa - Thatcham - 09-Oct-05 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Oct-2005

Long-Tailed Blue - pupa - Thatcham - 15-Nov-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
15-Nov-2009

Long-tailed Blue - pupa - Thatcham - 22-Aug-12 (1) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles

Long-tailed Blue pupa (11 days old) - reared Sussex 11-Sept-2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Long-tailed Blue pupa (10 days old) - reared Sussex, 10-Sept-2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Long-tailed Blue pupa (5 days old) - reared Sussex 5-Sept-2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Long-tailed Blue pupa (1 day old) - reared Sussex 1-Sept-2013

Photo © Mark Colvin

Photo Album ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos

No videos are currently available for this species.

The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Hübner (1819) Hübner, J. (1819) Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge.
Leach (1815) Leach (1815) In Brewster: The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia.
Linnaeus (1767) Linnaeus, C. (1767) Systema Naturae. Edition 12.
Swainson (1827) Swainson, W. (1827) A Sketch of the Natural Affinities of the Lepidoptera Diurna of Latreille. The Philosophical magazine : or Annals of chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, natural history and general science.