Mediterranean Fritillary

Argynnis pandora (ar-GIN-iss pan-DOR-uh)

Cardinal - imago - Thatcham - 27-Jun-09 (3) {REARED}
Photo © Pete Eeles
 

Wingspan
Male: 72 - 76mm
Female: 80 - 84mm

Checklist Number
59.018

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:HeliconiinaeSwainson, 1827
Tribe:ArgynniniSwainson, 1833
Genus:ArgynnisFabricius, 1807
Subgenus:PandorianaWarren, 1942
Species:pandora([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

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Introduction

Two sightings of this species, also known as the Cardinal, have been recorded - a female in a valley near Tintagel in East Cornwall in August 1911, and another female at Durdle Door, Lulworth, Dorset on 13th August 1969. This species is considered a very rare immigrant that is, undoubtedly, mistaken for a Silver-washed Fritillary and is therefore under-recorded.

Argynnis pandora

This species was first defined in Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) as shown here (type locality: Vienna, Austria).

Cardinal male - Switzerland 6-Aug-2016

Male
Photo © Padfield

Cardinal male - Switzerland 5-June-2016

Male Underside
Photo © Padfield

Cardinal Cantabrian Mts Northern Spain July 2014

Female
Photo © johnb

Cardinal Cantabrian Mts Northern Spain July 2014

Female Underside
Photo © johnb

Photo Album ...


History

The table below shows a chronology of vernacular names attributed to this species. Any qualification of the name (e.g. male, female) is shown in brackets after the name.

YearNameReference
1970CardinalHiggins & Riley (1970)
1990Mediterranean FritillaryEmmet (1990)

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

1.3 Unknown
 

This distribution status of this species is unknown.

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Argynnis pandora

Cardinal male - Switzerland 5-June-2016

Photo © Padfield
05-Jun-2016

Cardinal male - Switzerland 24-May-2015

Photo © Padfield
24-May-2015

Cardinal - imago - Mount Orvilos, Greece - 11-Jun-09 (5)

Photo © Pete Eeles
11-Jun-2009

Cardinal Cantabrian Mts Northern Spain July 2014

Photo © johnb
22-Jul-2014

Cardinal - imago - Ano Poroia, Greece - 09-Jun-09 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Jun-2009

Cardinal - imago - Thatcham - 27-Jun-09 (2) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
27-Jun-2009

Cardinal - imago - Mount Orvilos, Greece - 13-Jun-09 (7)

Photo © Pete Eeles
13-Jun-2009

Cardinal male - Switzerland 15-May-2016

Photo © Padfield
15-May-2016

Cardinal male - Switzerland 24-May-2015

Photo © Padfield
24-May-2015

Cardinal - imago - Thatcham - 27-Jun-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
27-Jun-2009

Cardinal - imago - Mount Orvilos, Greece - 11-Jun-09 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles
11-Jun-2009

Cardinal male - Switzerland 6-Aug-2016

Photo © Padfield
06-Aug-2016

Cardinal female - Switzerland 17-May-2015

Photo © Padfield
17-May-2015

Cardinal - imago - Thatcham - 27-Jun-09 (3) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
27-Jun-2009

Cardinal male - Switzerland 24-May-2015

Photo © Padfield
24-May-2015

Cardinal - imago - Mount Orvilos, Greece - 13-Jun-09 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles
13-Jun-2009

Cardinal male - Switzerland 5-June-2016

Photo © Padfield
05-Jun-2016

Cardinal Cantabrian Mts Northern Spain July 2014

Photo © johnb
22-Jul-2014

Cardinal female - Switzerland 24-May-2015

Photo © Padfield
24-May-2015

Cardinal - imago - Mount Orvilos, Greece - 11-Jun-09 (8)

Photo © Pete Eeles
11-Jun-2009

Photo Album (21 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Argynnis pandora - Ovum [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Larva

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Cardinal - larva - Thatcham - 26-April-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
26-Apr-2009

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Cardinal - pupa - Thatcham - 14-May-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
14-May-2009

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos


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The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) Denis, J.N.C.M. and Schiffermüller, I. (1775) Systematischez Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend.
Emmet (1990) Emmet, A.M. and Heath, J. (1990) The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland.
Fabricius (1807) Fabricius, J.C. (1807) Magazin für Insektenkunde, herausgegeben von Karl Illiger.
Higgins & Riley (1970) Higgins, L.G. and Riley, N.D. (1970) A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe.
Rafinesque (1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815) Analyse de la nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés.
Swainson (1827) Swainson, W. (1827) A Sketch of the Natural Affinities of the Lepidoptera Diurna of Latreille. The Philosophical magazine : or Annals of chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, natural history and general science.
Warren (1942) Warren, B.C.S. (1942) The Entomologist.