Scarce Swallowtail

Iphiclides podalirius (iff-ee-CLY-deez poh-da-LI-ree-uss)

Scarce Swallowtail - Iphiclides podalirius 4
Photo © Cristian Mihai
 

Wingspan
Male: 76 - 82mm
Female: 80 - 86mm

Checklist Number
56.002

Family:PapilionidaeLatreille, 1802
Subfamily:PapilioninaeLatreille, 1802
Tribe:GraphiiniTalbot, 1939
Genus:IphiclidesHübner, [1819]
Subgenus:  
Species:podalirius(Linnaeus, 1758)

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Introduction

This species is believed to be an extremely rare natural immigrant to our shores. However, the dozen or so sightings could be the result of immature stages being accidentally imported, or releases of captive-bred stock. This species was figured as a British species as early as 1710. The first authoritative reports of a capture were from Clapham Park Wood, Bedfordshire, in 1803 and from Netley, Shropshire in 1822.

Iphiclides podalirius

This species was first defined in Linnaeus (1758) as shown here (type locality: Southern Europe and Africa).

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date (2) [Roger Gibbons]

Male
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date [Roger Gibbons]

Male Underside
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Mount Menikio, Greece - 12-Jun-09 (10)

Female
Photo © Pete Eeles

Scarce Swallowtail - Iphiclides podalirius 3

Female Underside
Photo © Cristian Mihai

Photo Album ...


History

The table below shows a chronology of vernacular names attributed to this species. Any qualification of the name (e.g. male, female) is shown in brackets after the name.

YearNameReference
1795Scarce SwallowtailLewin (1795)

Conservation Status

This species is a rare migrant and no conservation action is relevant.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

1.3 Unknown
 

This distribution status of this species is unknown.

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Iphiclides podalirius

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Mount Menikio, Greece - 12-Jun-09 (10)

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jun-2009

Scarce Swallowtail - Iphiclides podalirius 2

Photo © Cristian Mihai
Photos taken in the southern part of Romania
29-Jun-2008

I.podalirius - freshly emerged imago {REARED} 28/8/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
28-Aug-2013

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Mount Menikio, Greece - 12-Jun-09 (6)

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jun-2009

I.podalirius - freshly emerged imago - detail {REARED} 28/8/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
28-Aug-2013

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Visp, Switzerland - 11-Jul-11

Photo © Pete Eeles

Scarce Swallowtail - Alpes-Maritimes - 10 May 2014

Photo © CFB

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date (4) [Charles Nicol]

Photo © Charles Nicol

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Unknown location - Unknown date (2) [Roger Gibbons]

Photo © Roger Gibbons

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - La Brenne, France - 22-Jul-07 [Richard Hudson]

Photo © Richard Hudson

I.podalirius - freshly emerged imago - detail {REARED} 28/8/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
28-Aug-2013

Scarce Swallowtail - Iphiclides podalirius 3

Photo © Cristian Mihai
Photos taken in the southern part of Romania
01-Jul-2009

I. podalirius SE Moravia (CZE) Aug 18th 2009

Photo © traplican

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Thatcham - 23-Aug-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
23-Aug-2009

Scarce Swallowtail - Iphiclides podalirius 4

Photo © Cristian Mihai
Photos taken in the southern part of Romania
01-Jul-2010

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06 (3)

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Scarce Swallowtail - Iphiclides podalirius 1

Photo © Cristian Mihai
Photos taken in the southern part of Romania
22-Apr-2010

Scarce Swallowtail (nectaring on sallow blossom)- Rhone Valley, Switzerland 25-March-2012

Photo © Padfield

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Mount Menikio, Greece - 12-Jun-09 (4)

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jun-2009

Scarce Swallowtail - imago - Thatcham - 22-Aug-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Aug-2009

Photo Album (33 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Scarce Swallowtail - ovum - Mount Menikio, Greece - 12-Jun-09 (1)-2

Photo © Pete Eeles
15-Jun-2009

Iphiclides podalirius - ovum - N Croatia - 24.08.2011

Photo © biosdr
24-Aug-2011

Iphiclides podalirius - ovum (the day before hatching) - N Croatia - 28.08.2011

Photo © biosdr
28-Aug-2011

I.podalirius - freshly laid ova - (witnessed egg laying) Bulgaria 15/6/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
15-Jun-2013

Photo Album (4 photos) ...


Larva

Description to be completed.

The primary larval foodplants are Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa), Bullace (Prunus domestica), Cherry (Cerasus spp.) and Wild Plum (Prunus domestica).

I.podalirius - 3rd instar larva profile 9/7/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
09-Jul-2013

I.podalirius - 2nd instar larva (+1st instar skin) 1/7/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
01-Jul-2013

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (17 days old) - N Croatia - 15.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
15-Sep-2011

Scarce Swallowtail - larva - Thatcham - 15-Jul-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
15-Jul-2009

I.podalirius - 1st instar larva

Photo © jamesweightman
1st instar larva 25/6/2013; from egg laid 15/6/2013 (q.v.)

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (25 days old) - N Croatia - 23.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
23-Sep-2011

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (15 days old) - N Croatia - 13.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
13-Sep-2011

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (9 days old) - N Croatia - 07.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
07-Sep-2011

I.podalirius - 4th instar larva at rest 14/7/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
14-Jul-2013

I.podalirius - 5th (final) instar larva 26/7/2013

Photo © jamesweightman

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (1 day old) - N Croatia - 29.08.2011

Photo © biosdr
29-Aug-2011

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (7 days old) - N Croatia - 05.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
05-Sep-2011

scarce swallowtail caterpiller, picos de europa, aliezo, spain

Photo © geniculata
10-Jun-2010

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (3 days old) - N Croatia - 01.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
01-Sep-2011

I.podalirius - 1st to 5th instar larva (not to scale) 6-7/2013

Photo © jamesweightman

I.podalirius - 3rd instar larva (+2nd instar skin) 8/7/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
08-Jul-2013

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (4 days old) - N Croatia - 02.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
02-Sep-2011

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (5 days old) - N Croatia - 03.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
03-Sep-2011

Iphiclides podalirius - larva (16 days old) - N Croatia - 14.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
14-Sep-2011

I.podalirius - 3rd instar larva discarded skin - head 14/7/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
14-Jul-2013

Photo Album (21 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Scarce Swallowtail - pupa - Thatcham - 07-Aug-09 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
07-Aug-2009

Scarce Swallowtail - pupa - Thatcham - 07-Aug-09 (2) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
07-Aug-2009

I.podalirius pupa at 2 days 6/8/2013 {REARED}

Photo © jamesweightman

Iphiclides podalirius - pupa - N Croatia - 25.09.2011

Photo © biosdr
27-Sep-2011

Iphiclides podalirius - pupa - N Croatia - 25.09.2011 (2)

Photo © biosdr
27-Sep-2011

I.podalirius pupation 1/8/2013; reared from Bulgarian egg laid 15/6/2013

Photo © jamesweightman

I.podalirius - fresh pupa + larva skin {REARED} 4/8/2013

Photo © jamesweightman
04-Aug-2013

I.podalirius pupa at 23 days 27/8/2013 showing wing pattern {REARED}

Photo © jamesweightman

I.podalirius pupa 28/8/2013 emergence begins {REARED}

Photo © jamesweightman
28-Aug-2013

I.podalirius pupa 28/8/2013 empty pupa case including waste {REARED}

Photo © jamesweightman
28-Aug-2013

Photo Album (10 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos


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The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Hübner (1819) Hübner, J. (1819) Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge.
Latreille (1802) Latreille, P.A. (1802) Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, des Crustacés et des Insectes.
Lewin (1795) Lewin, W. (1795) The Papilios of Great Britain.
Linnaeus (1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae. Edition 10.
Talbot (1939) Talbot, G. (1939) The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma.