Scarce Tortoiseshell

Nymphalis xanthomelas (nim-FAY-liss zan-thoh-ME-lass)

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 22-Jun-15 [REARED]-11
Photo © Pete Eeles
 

Checklist Number
59.030

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:NymphalinaeRafinesque, 1815
Tribe:NymphaliniRafinesque, 1815
Genus:NymphalisKluk, 1780
Subgenus:  
Species:xanthomelas([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

< Previous SpeciesNext Species >

Introduction

Up until 2014 this butterfly, also known as the Yellow-legged Tortoiseshell, had a single confirmed sighting of a female specimen that was caught in Shipbourne, near Sevenoaks in West Kent on 2nd July 1953. It is believed that this individual could feasibly have occurred as a natural migrant, rather than an accidental introduction. Some 61 years later, in July 2014, the ability of this butterfly to reach our shores was confirmed when sightings of this species were reported from a number of counties in south-east England, following an influx in the Netherlands. This species is resident in central and eastern Europe, but is occasionally sighted in Finland, Denmark, Germany and Sweden.

Nymphalis xanthomelas

This species was first defined in Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) as shown here (type locality: Vienna, Austria).

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 22-Jun-15 [REARED]

Male
Photo © Pete Eeles

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 22-Jun-15 [REARED]-10

Male Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Scarce Tortoiseshell - female - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]-4

Female
Photo © Pete Eeles

Scarce Tortoiseshell - female - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]

Female Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Photo Album ...


History

Description to be completed.

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

1.2 Rare Migrant
 

This species is a rare migrant to the British Isles.

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Nymphalis xanthomelas

Scarce Tortoiseshell - female - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]-5

Photo © Pete Eeles
19-Jun-2015

Yellow legged Tortoiseshell Hungary June 2007 [Clive Burrows]

Photo © Clive Burrows

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]-5

Photo © Pete Eeles
18-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell, RSPB Pulborough, Sussex 9-April-2015

Photo © Neil Hulme
West Sussex
09-Apr-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]-7

Photo © Pete Eeles
19-Jun-2015

Yellow-legged Tortoiseshell [Clive Burrows]

Photo © Clive Burrows

Pulborough Brooks, West Sussex 7th April 2015 [Jan-Paul Charteris]

Photo © Jan-Paul Charteris
West Sussex
07-Apr-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - female - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]-6

Photo © Pete Eeles
19-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 22-Jun-15 [REARED]-10

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 22-Jun-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 22-Jun-15 [REARED]-8

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - imago - Bulgaria - 11-Jul-14 [Derek Longhurst]

Photo © Derek Longhurst

Pulborough Brooks, West Sussex 7th April 2015 [Jan-Paul Charteris]

Photo © Jan-Paul Charteris
West Sussex
07-Apr-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - Burgh Castle, Norfolk - 15-Jul-14 3 [Perry Fairman]

Photo © Perry Fairman
(Norfolk) ecologicalexperiences.co.uk
15-Jul-2014

Pulborough Brooks, West Sussex 7th April 2015 [Jan-Paul Charteris]

Photo © Jan-Paul Charteris
West Sussex
07-Apr-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - female - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
19-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 22-Jun-15 [REARED]-7

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell, Nymphalis xanthomelas - Pulborough Brooks, West Sussex 9th April 2015

Photo © mud-puddling
West Sussex
09-Apr-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - Burgh Castle, Norfolk - 15-Jul-14 2 [Perry Fairman]

Photo © Perry Fairman
(Norfolk) ecologicalexperiences.co.uk
15-Jul-2014

Scarce Tortoiseshell - male - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]-8

Photo © Pete Eeles
19-Jun-2015

Photo Album (34 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Larva

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Scarce Tortoiseshell - larva - Thatcham - 11-May-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
11-May-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - larva - Thatcham - 15-May-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
15-May-2015

Photo Album (2 photos) ...


1st Instar

Description to be completed.

2nd Instar

Description to be completed.

3rd Instar

Description to be completed.

4th Instar

Description to be completed.

5th Instar

Description to be completed.

Yellow-legged Tortoiseshell - larva - Thatcham - 20-May-10 (1) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
20-May-2010

Yellow-legged Tortoiseshell - larva - Thatcham - 20-May-10 (2) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
20-May-2010

Scarce Tortoiseshell - larva - Thatcham - 23-May-15 [REARED]-3

Photo © Pete Eeles
23-May-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - larva - Thatcham - 23-May-15 [REARED]-4

Photo © Pete Eeles
23-May-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - larva - Thatcham - 23-May-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
23-May-2015

Photo Album (5 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Scarce Tortoiseshell - pupa - Thatcham - 01-Jun-15 [REARED]-2

Photo © Pete Eeles
01-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - pupa - Thatcham - 01-Jun-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
01-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - pupa - Thatcham - 09-Jun-15 [REARED]-3

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - pupa - Thatcham - 09-Jun-15 [REARED]-4

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - pupa - Thatcham - 09-Jun-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Jun-2015

Scarce Tortoiseshell - pupa - Thatcham - 19-Jun-15 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
19-Jun-2015

Photo Album (6 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos


Watch Video

No links are currently defined.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) Denis, J.N.C.M. and Schiffermüller, I. (1775) Systematischez Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend.
Kluk (1780) Kluk, K. (1780) Zwierzat domowych i dzikich osobliwie kraiowych historyi naturalney poczatki i gospodarstwo.
Rafinesque (1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815) Analyse de la nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés.