Map

Araschnia levana (a-RASH-nee-uh le-VAY-na)

Map - male - Thatcham - 26-Apr-14 [REARED]-2
Photo © Pete Eeles
 

Wingspan
Male: 24 - 38mm
Female: 40 - 50mm

Checklist Number
59.032

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:NymphalinaeRafinesque, 1815
Tribe:NymphaliniRafinesque, 1815
Genus:AraschniaHübner, [1819]
Subgenus:  
Species:levana(Linnaeus, 1758)
Subspecies:levana(Linnaeus, 1758)
Form:levana (Linnaeus, 1758)
 prorsa Linnaeus, 1758

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Introduction

This delightful little butterfly is best-known for having two forms, levana and prorsa that represent the spring and summer broods respectively. levana individuals are primarily orange in colour, giving them the appearance of a small fritillary, whereas prorsa individuals look more like a very small White Admiral.

This species was deliberately introduced in 1912 when the butterfly became established in the Forest of Dean in Monmouthshire, and Symond's Yat in Herefordshire. The well-known entomologist A.B. Farn was so opposed to the deliberate introduction of a foreign species that, in 1914, he deliberately collected and destroyed every individual he could find. However, the ultimate demise of the colonies is believed to be the result of additional (and unknown) factors.

A single individual was also recorded from Friday Street in Surrey on 21st May 1982. This could have been a genuine migrant, an accidental import or a release from captive-bred stock.

Araschnia levana ssp. levana f. levana

This species was first defined in Linnaeus (1758) as shown here (type locality: Southern Europe).

The nominate form represents the spring brood and is primarily orange in colour, giving the appearance of a small fritillary.

Map - imago - Thatcham - 07-May-06 (0055) [REARED]

Male
Photo © Pete Eeles

Map - imago - Thatcham - 07-May-06 (0052) [REARED]

Male Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Map - female - Thatcham - 08-May-14 [REARED]-16

Female
Photo © Pete Eeles

Map - female - Thatcham - 08-May-14 [REARED]-26

Female Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Photo Album ...


Araschnia levana ssp. levana f. prorsa

This form was first defined in Linnaeus (1758) as shown here (type locality: Germany).

This form represents the summer brood where individuals are primarily black in colour, looking like a very small White Admiral.

Map male - Dorset 9-Aug-2014

Male
Photo © Neil Hulme

Map - imago - Farm Lator, Hungary - 09-Jul-06 (0829)

Male Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Map female - Dorset 9-Aug-2014

Female
Photo © Neil Hulme

Map female - Dorset  9-Aug-2014

Female Underside
Photo © Neil Hulme

Photo Album ...


History

The table below shows a chronology of vernacular names attributed to this species. Any qualification of the name (e.g. male, female) is shown in brackets after the name.

YearNameReference
1970Map ButterflyHiggins & Riley (1970)
1990European MapEmmet (1990)

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

1.3 Unknown
 

This distribution status of this species is unknown.

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Araschnia levana ssp. levana f. levana

Map - female - Thatcham - 02-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
02-May-2014

Map - female - Thatcham - 02-May-14 [REARED]-3

Photo © Pete Eeles
02-May-2014

Map female (Levana) - Rhone, France 30-April-2006 (0120)

Photo © Roger Gibbons
30-Apr-2006

Map - female - Thatcham - 08-May-14 [REARED]-25

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-May-2014

Map - female - Thatcham - 08-May-14 [REARED]-26

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-May-2014

Map - female - Thatcham - 04-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
04-May-2014

Map - male - Thatcham - 06-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
06-May-2014

Map - imago - Purmerbos, Purmerend, Noord Holland - May-04 (2) [Rob Abraham]

Photo © Rob Abraham

Map - male - Thatcham - 06-May-14 [REARED]-17

Photo © Pete Eeles
06-May-2014

Map - imago - Thatcham - 07-May-06 (0052) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
07-May-2006

Map - female - Thatcham - 02-May-14 [REARED]-4

Photo © Pete Eeles
02-May-2014

Map - male - Thatcham - 06-May-14 [REARED]-28

Photo © Pete Eeles
06-May-2014

Map - male - Thatcham - 26-Apr-14 [REARED]-2

Photo © Pete Eeles
26-Apr-2014

Map - female - Thatcham - 08-May-14 [REARED]-16

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-May-2014

Map - male - Thatcham - 04-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
04-May-2014

Map - imago - Thatcham - 06-May-06 (0058) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
06-May-2006

Map - female - Thatcham - 14-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
14-May-2014

Map - female - Thatcham - 05-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
05-May-2014

Map - female - Thatcham - 03-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-May-2014

Map - imago - Thatcham - 07-May-06 (0055) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
07-May-2006

Photo Album (24 photos) ...


Araschnia levana ssp. levana f. prorsa

Map Butterfly (summer version) - Muscheid,  Germany 20 July 2009

Photo © digipixel

Map - imago - Farm Lator, Hungary - 09-Jul-06 (0829)

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-Jul-2006

Map - female - Farm Lator to Kisgy?r, Hungary - 05-Jul-12

Photo © Pete Eeles
05-Jul-2012

Map, female, ovi-posting, 9/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map female - Dorset 9-Aug-2014

Photo © Neil Hulme
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map - Dorset - 13-08-2014

Photo © Wurzel
Dorset

Map male - Dorset 9-Aug-2014

Photo © Neil Hulme
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map, female, 09/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map, male, 09/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map, male, 09/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map male- Dorset  9-Aug-2014

Photo © Neil Hulme
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map, female, ovi-posting, 9/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map - female - Farm Lator to Kisgy?r, Hungary - 05-Jul-12-2

Photo © Pete Eeles
05-Jul-2012

Map, female, 09/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map, female, ovi-posting, 9/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map - female - Farm Lator, Hungary - 01-Jul-12

Photo © Pete Eeles
01-Jul-2012

Map male - Dorset 13-Aug-2014

Photo © Neil Hulme
Dorset
13-Aug-2014

Map - imago - Farm Lator, Hungary - 14-Jul-06 (0835)

Photo © Pete Eeles
14-Jul-2006

Map - imago - Farm Lator, Hungary - 09-Jul-06 (0830)

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-Jul-2006

Map - imago - Farm Lator, Hungary - 14-Jul-06 (0837)

Photo © Pete Eeles
14-Jul-2006

Photo Album (29 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Map - ovum - Thatcham - 20-May-06 (0132) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
20-May-2006

Map - ovum - Thatcham - 20-May-06 (0133) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
20-May-2006

Map - ovum - Unknown location - Unknown date [Brian Clegg]

Photo © Brian Clegg

Map - ovum - Thatcham - 08-May-14 [REARED]-56

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-May-2014

Map - ovum - Thatcham - 08-May-14 [REARED]-74

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-May-2014

Map - ovum - Thatcham - 17-May-14 [REARED]-2

Photo © Pete Eeles
17-May-2014

Map - ovum - Thatcham - 17-May-14 [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
17-May-2014

Map, Ova, 9/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map, Ova, 9/08/2014, Dorset

Photo © Pauline
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Map eggs - Dorset 9-Aug-2014

Photo © Neil Hulme
Dorset
09-Aug-2014

Photo Album (10 photos) ...


Larva

Description to be completed.

The primary larval foodplants are Common Nettle (Urtica dioica) and Small Nettle (Urtica urens).

Map - larva - Thatcham - 21-Jul-06 (0506) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
21-Jul-2006

Map - larva - Thatcham - 22-Jul-06 (0508) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Jul-2006

Map - larva - Thatcham - 22-Jul-06 (0510) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Jul-2006

Photo Album (3 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Map - pupa - Thatcham - 28-Jul-06 (0659) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
24-Jul-2006

Map - pupa - Thatcham - 29-Mar-06 (2) [REARED]

Photo © Pete Eeles
29-Mar-2006

Map - pupa - Thatcham - 22-Mar-14 {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
22-Mar-2014

Photo Album (3 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos


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The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Emmet (1990) Emmet, A.M. and Heath, J. (1990) The Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland.
Hübner (1819) Hübner, J. (1819) Verzeichniss bekannter Schmettlinge.
Higgins & Riley (1970) Higgins, L.G. and Riley, N.D. (1970) A Field Guide to the Butterflies of Britain and Europe.
Linnaeus (1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758) Systema Naturae. Edition 10.
Rafinesque (1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815) Analyse de la nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés.