Woodland Grayling

Hipparchia fagi (hi-PAR-kee-uh FAY-jy)

Woodland (or Rock) Grayling - male - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12
Photo © Pete Eeles

Male: 70 - 78mm
Female: 70 - 80mm

Checklist Number

Family:NymphalidaeSwainson, 1827
Subfamily:SatyrinaeBoisduval, 1833
Tribe:SatyriniBoisduval, 1833
Genus:HipparchiaFabricius, 1807
Subgenus:HipparchiaFabricius, 1807
Species:fagi(Scopoli, 1763)

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A single male of this central and southern European butterfly was caught at Oxted in Surrey in July 1946. It is believed to have been accidentally introduced, possibly as an immature stage.

Hipparchia fagi

This species was first defined in Scopoli (1763) as shown here and as shown in this plate (type locality: Carniola, Slovenia).


Woodland (or Rock) Grayling - imago - Kisgy?r, Hungary - 30-Jun-12

Male Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Woodland Grayling - Alpes-Maritimes - 17 September 2011

Photo © CFB

Woodland Grayling  - Alpes Maritimes, France 27-July-2006

Female Underside
Photo © Roger Gibbons

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Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.


Description to be completed.


2. Adventive

This species is considered an adventive, which is a species which arrives in the British Isles with the direct assistance of an external vector, without which it would not be present. Adventives are species that one would not expect to find in this country, either through inadvertent migration or through any other natural means of dispersal, with the exception perhaps of the most extreme meteorological event or possibly the transportation of a stage in the life cycle in a highly unlikely but natural means (e.g. an ovum or larva being transported upon the foot, bill, or plumage of a migratory bird).

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.


Description to be completed.

Description of nectar sources to be completed.

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Description to be completed.


Description to be completed.

Description of larval foodplants to be completed.

Hipparchia fagi - Larva (e.l. Luberon 2013) [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner

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Description to be completed.

Hipparchia fagi - Pupa (e.l. Luberon 2013) [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner

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Description to be completed.

Similar Species

No similar species found.


No videos are currently available for this species.

The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.


The species description provided here references the following publications:

Boisduval (1833) Boisduval, J.A. (1833) Icones historiques des Lépidoptères d'Europe nouveaux.
Fabricius (1807) Fabricius, J.C. (1807) Magazin für Insektenkunde, herausgegeben von Karl Illiger.
Scopoli (1763) Scopoli, G.A. (1763) Entomologia Carniolica: exhibens insecta Carnioliae indigena et distributa in ordines, genera, species, varietates.
Swainson (1827) Swainson, W. (1827) A Sketch of the Natural Affinities of the Lepidoptera Diurna of Latreille. The Philosophical magazine : or Annals of chemistry, mathematics, astronomy, natural history and general science.