False Grayling

Arethusana arethusa (a-ree-THOO-say-nuh a-ree-THOO-suh)

False Grayling poss. male - Var, France 2-Aug-2007
Photo © Roger Gibbons
 

Wingspan
Male: 42 - 47mm
Female: 50 - 54mm

Checklist Number
59.0132

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:SatyrinaeBoisduval, 1833
Tribe:SatyriniBoisduval, 1833
Genus:ArethusanaLesse, 1951
Subgenus:  
Species:arethusa([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

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Introduction

A single record exists of a male caught on heathland near Ash Value, Surrey on 24th August 1974. This may have been a genuine immigrant, or the result of accidental introduction as an immature stage.

Arethusana arethusa

This species was first defined in Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) as shown here (type locality: Vienna, Austria).

False Grayling male - Var, France 28-Aug-2012

Male
Photo © Roger Gibbons

False Grayling poss. male - Var, France 2-Aug-2007

Male Underside
Photo © Roger Gibbons

False Grayling female - Var, France 10-Aug-2006

Female
Photo © Roger Gibbons

False grayling female underside

Female Underside
Photo © Padfield

Photo Album ...


History

Description to be completed.

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

2. Adventive
 

This species is considered an adventive, which is a species which arrives in the British Isles with the direct assistance of an external vector, without which it would not be present. Adventives are species that one would not expect to find in this country, either through inadvertent migration or through any other natural means of dispersal, with the exception perhaps of the most extreme meteorological event or possibly the transportation of a stage in the life cycle in a highly unlikely but natural means (e.g. an ovum or larva being transported upon the foot, bill, or plumage of a migratory bird).

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Arethusana arethusa

False Grayling female - Vaucluse, France 23-Aug-2008

Photo © Roger Gibbons
23-Aug-2008

False Grayling poss. male - Var, France 2-Aug-2007

Photo © Roger Gibbons
02-Aug-2007

False grayling female underside

Photo © Padfield
France, August 2008

False grayling mating pair

Photo © Padfield
France, August 2008

False grayling female upperside

Photo © Padfield
France, August 2008

False Grayling male - Var, France 28-Aug-2012

Photo © Roger Gibbons
28-Aug-2012

False Grayling female - Var, France 10-Aug-2006

Photo © Roger Gibbons
10-Aug-2006

False Grayling - Alpes-Maritimes - 15 August 2012

Photo © CFB
25-Aug-2012

Photo Album (8 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Larva

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Arethusana arethusa - Larva (e.l. Luberon 2013) [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Arethusana arethusa - Pupa (e.l. Luberon 2013) [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos

No videos are currently available for this species.

The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Boisduval (1833) Boisduval, J.A. (1833) Icones historiques des Lépidoptères d'Europe nouveaux.
Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) Denis, J.N.C.M. and Schiffermüller, I. (1775) Systematischez Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend.
Lesse (1951) de Lesse, H. (1951) Division génériques et subgénériques des anciens genres Satyrus et Eumenis (sensu lato). Revue Francaise de Lépidoptèrologie.
Rafinesque (1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815) Analyse de la nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés.