Lesser Purple Emperor

Apatura ilia (a-pa-TOO-ruh ILL-ee-uh)

Lesser Purple Emperor male - Switzerland 18-June-2015
Photo © Padfield
 

Checklist Number
59.022.UKB

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:ApaturinaeBoisduval, 1840
Tribe:ApaturiniBoisduval, 1840
Genus:ApaturaFabricius, 1807
Subgenus:  
Species:ilia([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Subspecies:ilia([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
Form:ilia ([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)
 clytie Denis & Schiffermüller, 1775

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Introduction

As documented in Barrett (1893), a specimen was taken to the British Museum in 1872, having been bred from a larva in 1869. It is not believed to be a genuine record.

Apatura ilia ssp. ilia f. ilia

This species was first defined in Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) as shown here (type locality: Austria).

Lesser Purple Emperor - male - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-23

Male
Photo © Pete Eeles

Lesser Purple Emperor - male - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-21

Male Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Female

Female Underside

Photo Album ...


Apatura ilia ssp. ilia f. clytie

This form was first defined in Denis & Schiffermüller (1775).

Lesser Purple Emperor male (f. clytie) - Isere, France 17-July-2010

Male
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-12

Male Underside
Photo © Pete Eeles

Lesser Purple Emperor f.clytie (poss female)  - Isere, France 13-July-2009

Female
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Female Underside

Photo Album ...


History

Description to be completed.

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

3. Questionable
 

This presence of this species in the British Isles is considered questionable.

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Apatura ilia ssp. ilia f. ilia

Lesser Purple Emperor male - Switzerland July 2010

Photo © Padfield

Lesser Purple Emperor male  - Isere, France 11-July-2009

Photo © Roger Gibbons
11-Jul-2009

Lesser Purple Emperor male  - Isere, France 17-July-2010

Photo © Roger Gibbons
17-Jul-2010

Lesser Purple Emperor male - Switzerland 15-July-2010

Photo © Padfield
15-Jul-2010

Lesser Purple Emperor - male - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-21

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-22

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-23

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-22

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor - male - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-23

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor male - Switzerland 18-June-2015

Photo © Padfield
18-Jun-2015

Photo Album (10 photos) ...


Apatura ilia ssp. ilia f. clytie

Lesser Purple Emperor male (f. clytie) - Isere, France 17-July-2010

Photo © Roger Gibbons
17-Jul-2010

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-13

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-12

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-2

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-11

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-9

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-9

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor (f. clytie) - France July 2006

Photo © Padfield

Lesser Purple Emperor (f. clytie) - Isere, France 11-Jul-2016

Photo © Roger Gibbons
11-Jul-2016

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor male (f. clytie) - Isere, France 18-June-2010

Photo © Roger Gibbons
18-Jul-2010

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-3

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-10

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Jósvaf?, Hungary - 03-Jul-12-12

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jul-2012

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-14

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor - Alpes-Maritimes - 19 June 2010

Photo © CFB
19-Jun-2010

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-10

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-13

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-11

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Lesser Purple Emperor - male f. clytie - Josvafo, Hungary - 12-Jul-06-15

Photo © Pete Eeles
12-Jul-2006

Photo Album (22 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Apatura ilia - Ovum after some days. Contrary to to Apatura iris the dark ring is located distally and not basally [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Larva

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Apatura ilia - Larva [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Apatura ilia - Pupa [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos


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The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Barrett (1893) Barrett, C.G. (1893) The Lepidoptera of the British Islands (Vol.1 Rhopalocera).
Boisduval (1840) Boisduval, J.A. (1840) Genera et index methodicus Europaeorum lepidopterum.
Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) Denis, J.N.C.M. and Schiffermüller, I. (1775) Systematischez Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend.
Fabricius (1807) Fabricius, J.C. (1807) Magazin für Insektenkunde, herausgegeben von Karl Illiger.
Rafinesque (1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815) Analyse de la nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés.