Small Brown Shoemaker

Hypanartia lethe (HI-pan-art-ee-uh LETH-ee)

Small Brown Shoemaker female - Ruiz Cortines, Veracruz, Mexico 5-June-2008 [Bill Bouton]
Photo © Bill Bouton
 

Checklist Number
59.0252

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:NymphalinaeRafinesque, 1815
Tribe:NymphaliniRafinesque, 1815
Genus:HypanartiaHübner, [1821]
Subgenus:  
Species:lethe(Fabricius, 1793)

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Introduction

This is a central and south American species of which two specimens have been found in the British Isles. One was found alive in Covent Garden market, London, on 17th October 1935 and the other was caught by a schoolboy in a meadow near Weymouth, Dorset on 23rd August 1970. Both are believed to have been accidentally introduced in imported produce.

Hypanartia lethe

This species was first defined in Fabricius (1793) as shown here (type locality: India).

Small Brown Shoemaker male - Oaxaca, Mexico 31-May-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Male
Photo © Bill Bouton

Small Brown Shoemaker male - Oaxaca, Mexico 23-May-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Male Underside
Photo © Bill Bouton

Small Brown Shoemaker female - Ruiz Cortines, Veracruz, Mexico 5-June-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Female
Photo © Bill Bouton

Small Brown Shoemaker female - Ruiz Cortines, Veracruz, Mexico 5-June-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Female Underside
Photo © Bill Bouton

Photo Album ...


History

Description to be completed.

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

2. Adventive
 

This species is considered an adventive, which is a species which arrives in the British Isles with the direct assistance of an external vector, without which it would not be present. Adventives are species that one would not expect to find in this country, either through inadvertent migration or through any other natural means of dispersal, with the exception perhaps of the most extreme meteorological event or possibly the transportation of a stage in the life cycle in a highly unlikely but natural means (e.g. an ovum or larva being transported upon the foot, bill, or plumage of a migratory bird).

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Hypanartia lethe

Small Brown Shoemaker female - Ruiz Cortines, Veracruz, Mexico 5-June-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Photo © Bill Bouton
05-Jun-2008

Small Brown Shoemaker male - Oaxaca, Mexico 23-May-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Photo © Bill Bouton
23-May-2008

Small Brown Shoemaker male - Oaxaca, Mexico 31-May-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Photo © Bill Bouton
31-May-2008

Small Brown Shoemaker female - Ruiz Cortines, Veracruz, Mexico 5-June-2008 [Bill Bouton]

Photo © Bill Bouton
07-Jun-2008

Photo Album (4 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Larva

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Pupa

Description to be completed.

Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos

No videos are currently available for this species.

No links are currently defined.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Fabricius (1793) Fabricius, J.C. (1793) Entomologia systematica emendata et aucta, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species.
Hübner (1821) Hübner, J. (1821) Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge.
Rafinesque (1815) Rafinesque, C.S. (1815) Analyse de la nature ou Tableau de l'univers et des corps organisés.