Purple-shot Copper

Lycaena alciphron (ly-SEE-nuh AL-kee-fron)

Purple Shot Copper male, Parc du Mercantour, Alpes-Maritimes, France, 6th July 2014
Photo © David M
 

Checklist Number
61.0023

Family:LycaenidaeLeach, 1815
Subfamily:LycaeninaeLeach, 1815
Tribe:LycaeniniLeach, 1815
Genus:LycaenaFabricius, 1807
Subgenus:  
Species:alciphronRottemburg, 1775
Subspecies:gordius (Sulzer, 1776)

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Introduction

A single specimen was captured by a schoolboy in July 1886 near Sudbury in Suffolk. It is thought that the specimen was transported as an immature stage in plants from the continent.

Lycaena alciphron ssp. alciphron

The species was first defined in Rottemburg (1775) as shown here (type locality: Berlin, Germany). The nominate subspecies has not been recorded in the British Isles.

Lycaena alciphron ssp. gordius

This subspecies was first defined in Sulzer (1776) as shown here and as shown in this plate. Records from the British Isles are of this subspecies.

Purple Shot Copper - Col de la Sereyrede - Parc National de Cevennes , France 22-June-2012.

Male
Photo © owen figgis

Purple Shot Copper male underside, Parc du Mercantour, Alpes-Maritimes, France, 6th July 2014

Male Underside
Photo © David M

Purple Shot Copper3 - July 16th 2012 - Miraflores de la Sierra

Female
Photo © Nigel Kiteley

Purple Shot Copper - July 16th 2012 - Miraflores de la Sierra

Female Underside
Photo © Nigel Kiteley

Photo Album ...


History

Description to be completed.

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

2. Adventive
 

This species is considered an adventive, which is a species which arrives in the British Isles with the direct assistance of an external vector, without which it would not be present. Adventives are species that one would not expect to find in this country, either through inadvertent migration or through any other natural means of dispersal, with the exception perhaps of the most extreme meteorological event or possibly the transportation of a stage in the life cycle in a highly unlikely but natural means (e.g. an ovum or larva being transported upon the foot, bill, or plumage of a migratory bird).

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Lycaena alciphron ssp. gordius

Purple-shot Copper, male - Aggtelek - 17-June-09

Photo © Denise

Purple Shot Copper2 - July 16th 2012 - Miraflores de la Sierra

Photo © Nigel Kiteley
16-Jul-2012

Purple Shot Copper3 - July 16th 2012 - Miraflores de la Sierra

Photo © Nigel Kiteley
16-Jul-2012

Purple Shot Copper - July 16th 2012 - Miraflores de la Sierra

Photo © Nigel Kiteley
16-Jul-2012

Purple-Shot Copper - imago - Predala Pass, Pirin, Bulgaria - 04-Jul-07 (1018)

Photo © Pete Eeles
04-Jul-2007

Purple-Shot Copper - imago - Predala Pass, Pirin, Bulgaria - 04-Jul-07 (1022)

Photo © Pete Eeles
04-Jul-2007

Purple-Shot Copper - imago - Ano Paroia, Greece - 08-Jun-09 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles
08-Jun-2009

Purple-Shot Copper - imago - Mount Kerkini, Greece -09-Jun-09 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Jun-2009

Purple-Shot Copper - imago - Mount Kerkini, Greece - 09-Jun-09.CR2 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Jun-2009

Purple-shot copper 1 [Clive Burrows]

Photo © Clive Burrows

Purple-Shot Copper, female, Venosc, Val d’Isere, Rhone Alpes, France, 19/06/2011

Photo © Lee Hurrell
19-Jun-2011

Purple-shot Copper - imago - Abella de la Conca, Spain - 25-Jun-10 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles

Purple-shot Copper - imago - Abella de la Conca, Spain - 25-Jun-10 (2)

Photo © Pete Eeles

Purple-shot Copper - imago - Abella de la Conca, Spain - 25-Jun-10 (3)

Photo © Pete Eeles

Purple-shot Copper - imago - Abella de la Conca, Spain - 25-Jun-10 (4)

Photo © Pete Eeles

Purple Shot Copper - Col de la Sereyrede - Parc National de Cevennes , France 22-June-2012.

Photo © owen figgis
22-Jun-2012

Purple-shot Copper - male - Répáshuta, Hungary - 02-Jul-12

Photo © Pete Eeles
02-Jul-2012

Purple Shot Copper male underside, Parc du Mercantour, Alpes-Maritimes, France, 6th July 2014

Photo © David M

Purple Shot Copper male, Parc du Mercantour, Alpes-Maritimes, France, 6th July 2014

Photo © David M

Purple-shot Copper m L. alciphron 22.07.2014 Provence [Lynn Fomison]

Photo © Lynn Fomison

Photo Album (20 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Purple-shot Copper eggs on sorrel sp. L. alciphron 22.07.2014 Provence [Lynn Fomison]

Photo © Lynn Fomison

Lycaena alciphron - Ovae at the stem of Rumex intermedius (Sainte Baume, Provence, France) [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (2 photos) ...


Larva

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Lycaena alciphron - Larva (Provence, France) [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Lycaena alciphron - Pupa [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (1 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

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The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Fabricius (1807) Fabricius, J.C. (1807) Magazin für Insektenkunde, herausgegeben von Karl Illiger.
Leach (1815) Leach (1815) In Brewster: The Edinburgh Encyclopaedia.
Rottemburg (1775) von Rottemburg, S.A. (1775) Der Naturforscher.
Sulzer (1776) Sulzer, J.H. (1776) Dr. Sulzers Abgekürtze Geschichte der Insecten nach dem Linaeischen System.