Southern Festoon

Zerynthia polyxena (zare-IN-thee-uh pol-ee-ZEE-nuh)

Southern Festoon - Karst, Slovenia 30-03-14
Photo © Simon2
 

Checklist Number
56.0002

Family:PapilionidaeLatreille, 1802
Subfamily:ParnassiinaeDuponchel, 1835
Tribe:LuehdorfiiniChapman, 1895
Genus:ZerynthiaOchsenheimer, 1816
Subgenus:ZerynthiaOchsenheimer, 1816
Species:polyxena([Denis & Schiffermüller], 1775)

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Introduction

A single specimen was caught by two boys on 27th May 1884 near Exeter, Devon, and it is believed that it was originally purchased as a pupa from a natural history dealer.

Zerynthia polyxena

This species was first defined in Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) as shown here (type locality: Vienna, Austria).

Southern Festoon - Orbetello WWF - Italy - 31-03-12

Male
Photo © William

SouthernFestoon800

Male Underside
Photo © Colin Campbell

Southern Festoon female - Var, France 13-April-2008

Female
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Southern Ferstoon female Var, France 7-May-2008 (10361)

Female Underside
Photo © Roger Gibbons

Photo Album ...


History

Description to be completed.

Conservation Status

No conservation action is relevant for this species.

Habitat

Description to be completed.

Distribution

2. Adventive
 

This species is considered an adventive, which is a species which arrives in the British Isles with the direct assistance of an external vector, without which it would not be present. Adventives are species that one would not expect to find in this country, either through inadvertent migration or through any other natural means of dispersal, with the exception perhaps of the most extreme meteorological event or possibly the transportation of a stage in the life cycle in a highly unlikely but natural means (e.g. an ovum or larva being transported upon the foot, bill, or plumage of a migratory bird).

Life Cycle

Description to be completed.

Imago

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Zerynthia polyxena

Southern Festoon - May 28th 2011 in Comana (GR), Romania.

Photo © Cristian Mihai
28-May-2011

Southern Ferstoon female Var, France 7-May-2008 (10361)

Photo © Roger Gibbons
07-May-2008

SouthernFestoon800

Photo © Colin Campbell
07-May-2010

Southern Festoon - imago - Thatcham - 20-May-10 (6) {REARED}

Photo © Pete Eeles
20-May-2010

Southern Festoon - imago - 26th April 2011, Provence

Photo © NickB
26-Apr-2011

Southern Festoon female - Var, France 13-April-2008

Photo © Roger Gibbons
13-Apr-2008

Southern Festoon - Bosco Roconi WWF Reserve - Italy - 30-03-12

Photo © William
30-Mar-2012

Southern Festoon - Orbetello WWF - Italy - 31-03-12

Photo © William
31-Mar-2012

Southern Festoon - Karst, Slovenia 30-03-14

Photo © Simon2
30-Mar-2014

Southern Festoon, mating pair - Var, SE France, 13 April 2015

Photo © David M

Photo Album (10 photos) ...


Ovum

Description to be completed.

Zerynthia polyxena - Ovum (Provence, France) [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Zerynthia polyxena - Ovum (Provence, France)2 [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (2 photos) ...


Larva

Description to be completed.

Description to be completed.

Southern Festoon - larva - Farm Lator, Hungary - 09-Jul-06 (2)

Photo © Pete Eeles
09-Jul-2006

Z. polyxena larva SE Moravia (CZE) Jun 18 2009

Photo © traplican

Z. polyxena larva SE Moravia (CZE) Jun 21 2009

Photo © traplican

Photo Album (3 photos) ...


Pupa

Description to be completed.

Zerynthia polyxena - pupa [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Zerynthia polyxena - pupa2 [Wolfgang Wagner]

Photo © Wolfgang Wagner
www.pyrgus.de

Photo Album (2 photos) ...


Aberrations

Description to be completed.

Click here to see the aberration descriptions and images for this species.

Similar Species

No similar species found.

Videos


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The following links provide additional information on this butterfly.

References

The species description provided here references the following publications:

ReferenceDetails
Chapman (1895) Chapman, T.A. (1895) Scheme of Classification of the Rhopalocera Founded on the Structure of the Pupae. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation.
Denis & Schiffermüller (1775) Denis, J.N.C.M. and Schiffermüller, I. (1775) Systematischez Verzeichniss der Schmetterlinge der Wienergegend.
Duponchel (1835) Duponchel, P.A.J. (1835) Histoire naturelle des lépidoptères ou papillons de France, par M. J.-B. Godart. Continuée par P.-A.-J. Duponchel. Diurnes. Supplément aux tomes premier et deuxième.
Latreille (1802) Latreille, P.A. (1802) Histoire naturelle, générale et particulière, des Crustacés et des Insectes.
Ochsenheimer (1816) Ochsenheimer, F. (1816) Die Schmetterlinge von Europa.