Genus: Argynnis

Family:NymphalidaeRafinesque, 1815
Subfamily:HeliconiinaeSwainson, 1827
Tribe:ArgynniniSwainson, 1833
Genus:ArgynnisFabricius, 1807
Type Species:paphia(Linnaeus, 1758)


Family: Nymphalidae

The Nymphalidae is a family of several thousand species found in all zoogeographical regions of the world. Most are medium or large in size, but the family is highly variable given that it also includes the Satyrinae, a subfamily that has been designated as a family in its own right in earlier classifications.

The forelegs in both sexes are vestigial and useless for walking. In the male, there are typically only 2 tarsal joints and the legs have a brush-like appearance, resulting in a common name for this family - the "brush-footed butterflies". The female foreleg has 4 tarsal joints which, when compared with the male, provides a mechanism of determining the sex of the adult. The midleg and hindleg are normal in both sexes and both tibia and tarsus may have spines.

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Pearl-bordered Fritillary (Boloria euphrosyne)
Photo © Nigel Kiteley

White Admiral (Limenitis camilla)
Photo © Peter Eeles

The forewing always has 12 veins. Given the variability of this family, there are no further distinguishing characteristics that apply to the family as a whole.

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Nymphalidae (Danainae)
Danaus plexippus

Nymphalidae (Satyrinae)
Pyronia tithonus

Nymphalidae (Nymphalinae)
Small Pearl-bordered Fritillary
Boloria selene

Photo © Timothy Freed, whose original drawings are shown in Moths and Butterflies of Great Britain and Ireland, Volume 7, Issue 1 (Emmet & Heath, 1989)

Subfamily: Heliconiinae

Description to be completed.

Tribe: Argynnini

Description to be completed.

Genus: Argynnis

Description to be completed.

The Butterflies and Moths of the World project, run by the British Museum of Natural History, has completed a detailed analysis of various genera and their type species. Click here to visit the relevant page for this genus.


This genus is represented by the following subgenera:


This genus is represented by the species shown below.

Silver Washed Fritillary (male) - 22nd June 2014, Lower Woods, nr. Wickwar, Gloucestershire

Silver-washed Fritillary
Argynnis paphia
Photo © David M

Cardinal - imago - Thatcham - 27-Jun-09 (3) {REARED}

Mediterranean Fritillary
Argynnis pandora
Photo © Pete Eeles

Dark-Green-Fritillary Bakewell, Derbys 11 May 2011- 03C3221

Dark Green Fritillary
Argynnis aglaja
Photo © IainLeach

High Brown Fritillary Male - Arnside Knott, Cumbria 9-July-09

High Brown Fritillary
Argynnis adippe
Photo © Vince Massimo

Niobe Fritillary - imago - Lauenensee, Lauenen, Switzerland - 10-Jul-11

Niobe Fritillary
Argynnis niobe
Photo © Pete Eeles

Great Spangled Fritillary - Townsend, Massachusetts, USA  20-June-2013 [Damian Pinguey]

Great Spangled Fritillary
Argynnis cybele
Photo © Damian Pinguey