Brimstone Aberrations

Due to the sheer number of named aberrations for some species, not all are shown on the species pages - only those for which corresponding images are available. This page, however, provides access to all of the named aberrations for a given species, where known and Goodson & Read (1969) is a key resource in this regard.



Description to be completed.

Unclassified Aberrations

Brimstone (ab.Hoefnagoli) - Sussex 23-July-2017

Photo © Gary.N

Photo Album (1 photos) ...

ab. alba (Lempke.Lamb.1932.32.p.38.)

Female. Pure white.

ab. albescens (Verity.Ent.Rec.1919.31.p.48.)

The underside pale greenish or white.

ab. aurantiaca (Lempke.Lamb.1932.32.p.29.)

Male. Of a magnificent golden yellow, the underside less bright.

ab. britannica (Oberthür.Lep.Comp.1909.3.p.177.)

= inversa Hannemann.Int.Ent.Z.1916.9.p.113.

Female with colouring like that of the male.

ab. cleodoxa (Rober.Seitz.Macrolep.1907.1.p.61.,see Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.264.)

= parvipuncta Tutt.Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.181.

The orange middle spot of the forewings very small or obsolete or merged into the ground colour. This is taken to mean that a vestige of the spot remains. Tutt's parvipuncta had very minute orange central spots. Rober created the name ‘cleodoxa’ through misreading Tutt's description of the discoidal spots variation in Brit.Butts.p.264. He credits Tutt with the authorship quite wrongly, Tutt merely said ‘Occasionally this is so small as to be almost obsolete, at other times it originates an orange flush suggestive of its lovely neighbour G. cleodoxa’ [sic] [thought to be a misprint for cleopatra]. See ab. obsoleta Lamb. in which the discoidals are completely absent.

ab. decora (Oberthür.Lep.Comp.1909.3.p.177.,

The figure shows the forewings with a large orange area leaving only normal yellow as a border on the costa and outer margin. Hindwings with orange in the centre leaving a yellow marginal border, which is broader than that on the forewings. This would seem to be extremely similar to ab. rosea Linstow, it is separated only because Linstow terms his colour ‘dull rose’.

ab. fervida (Fritsch.Int.Ent.Z.1911.5.p.200.)

= ochracea Verity.Ent.Rec.1919.31.p.48.
= erubescens Hagen.Z.Wiss.Ins.Biol.1920.15.p.190.

The underside of a brownish tint, the upperside richer than usual. Verity's ochracea had the underside fine reddish-ochre. Hagen's erubescens had the underside reddish-yellow, the upperside richer yellow in the male and white with a reddish tone in the female. These three forms are too close to make them separate, brownish and reddish-yellow are the two ends of the tint in this form.

ab. filia (Rober.Seitz.Macrolep.1907.1.p.61.,

The wings showing a red submarginal band. The figure in Iris shows this band very thin and washed out, just preceding the margins.

ab. flavescens (Lempke.Tijdschr.Ent.1936.79.p.256.)

Female. Light yellow without the greenish shade, the margins slightly darker yellow.

ab. gerardi (Derenne.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1923.23.p.37.)

This would appear to be an artefact created by chemical action. Such specimens have been manufactured by keeping them in wet cyanide. The yellow of the upperside has here and there turned red. There is a reddish band with irregular outline along the costal border of the forewings, the fringe largely red on all wings, a little splash of bright red at the angle of the left hindwing. On the underside of the hindwing is an extended mark, reddish, but much less apparent, from the external border.

ab. grimardi (Dufrane.Bull.Soc.Ent.Belg.1947.83.p.61.)

Upperside of the forewings with a large area of reddish-brown limited by a border almost straight from the basal side which begins about 2mm from the origin of vein 6, a little above it, then between 6 and 7, going on directly as far as the middle of vein 2, even passing this slightly, then going along 2 as far as 3mm from its extremity, from there forming a regular arc, convex towards the exterior as far as 3 then going straight as far as 4mm from the extremity of 5 which it follows for 1mm in returning towards the base and from there going to join directly vein 6 by a toothed line, rejoining its point of departure along 6 but going a little above it. This area through its transparency allows one to see through to the underside. Making a sketch from the positions given of the veins etc., shows that there is a reddish-brown area, roughly square, in the centre of the forewings leaving a broad yellow border all round it. The area starts a little beyond the end of the discoidal cell.

ab. hoefnageli (Bryk.Ent.Tidskr.1922.43.p.173.)

The underside of the hindwings showing seven antemarginal brownish spots.

ab. infradestrigata (Lempke.Tijdschr.Ent.1954.97.p.317.)

On the underside of fore and hindwings the short dark postdiscal striae fail completely.

ab. intermedia (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.264.)

Female. The forewings on the upperside greenish-yellow, the margins particularly tinted.

ab. minor (Lambillion.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1913.13.p.13.)

= rhamnoides Derenne.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1919.19.p.51.

Small specimens. Derenne's rhamnoides was two-thirds normal size.

ab. nigrescens (Hechler.Ent.Z.1923.37.p.40.)

Blackish olive-green, the veins yellow and the margins yellow. The four discoidal spots large and almost black. Underside greyish-brown.

ab. nigriapicata (Reuss.Entom.1910.43.p.209.)

Forewings with a black tip or apex.

ab. obsoleta (Lambillion.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1913.13.p.14.)

On the upperside of the forewings, the orange point is completely absent. Rober described his cleodoxa as having the discoidal very small, or obsolete, or merged into the ground colour, two forms under one name. Lambillion has rightly separated the much rarer form, without any trace of the spot, as obsoleta.

ab. pallida (Hannemann.Int.Ent.Z.1916.9.p.113.)

Male. The colouring pale, like that of the female.

ab. progressiva (Geest.Allg.Z.f.Ent.1902.7.p.529.)

Forewings with an extensive orange flush similar in appearance to G. cleopatra [Cleopatra] but with a narrower border of normal yellow, uniform in width from costa to inner margin. Hindwings normal.

ab. rosea (Linstow.Ent.Z.1907.(July).21.p.96.)

The forewings dusted dull rose except for a narrow border on the outer margins. The hindwings show the same colour in the disc.

ab. roseotincta (Debauche.Lamb.1928.28.p.58.)

Pale rose or orange in the cell of the forewings and in the interneural spaces 2, 3, 4 and 5. The nervures as normal yellow.

ab. rubescens (Gillmer.Int.Ent.Z.1907.(June).1.p.66.)

Gillmer, in a somewhat puzzling article, first describes a specimen, which had the forewings purple-red. He then goes on to describe forms, which have either the costal border 1mm wide reddish-brown, or the whole margin of fore and hindwings to a width of 3mm surrounded or enclosed with reddish-brown. In a later article he says that his rubescens is the same as ab. rosea Linstow and has priority over it. From this it would appear that Gillmer is giving his name rubescens to all specimens which show orange or red-brown areas on the wings and gives a list of such examples, some taken in England with varying patterns, placing them all under the name rubescens, separating them only from ab. progressiva because progressiva has orange on the forewings only, whilst his own form has it on both fore and hindwings. In view of all these contradictions rubescens would seem to be an undetermined form unless one wishes to include similar forms under the one name and make the rest synonyms, which is somewhat drastic.

ab. variegata (Lambillion.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1919.19.p.50.)

Large blotches of orange on all wings, especially the forewings, and more or less regular in pattern. It recalls its southern neighbour, G. cleopatra [Cleopatra].

ab. viridissima (Verity.Ent.Rec.1919.31.p.48.)

The underside vivid green.