Meadow Brown Aberrations

Due to the sheer number of named aberrations for some species, not all are shown on the species pages - only those for which corresponding images are available. This page, however, provides access to all of the named aberrations for a given species, where known and Goodson & Read (1969) is a key resource in this regard.

Species:

Introduction

Description to be completed.

Unclassified Aberrations

Meadow Brown, male, 28/08/2014, Old Winchester Hill

Photo © Pauline
28-Aug-2014

Meadow Brown ab. 1 (underside) Wolstonbury Hill, W Sussex - 31-July-2016 [Richard Roebuck]

Photo © Richard Roebuck
31-Jul-2016

Meadow Brown - aberration - Ballard Down, Swanage, Dorset - 07-Aug-14-2 [Derek Haynes]

Photo © Derek Haynes

Female Meadow Brown with double eyespot July 5th 2010 Cow Lane Godmanchester, Cambs

Photo © Charles Nicol

Meadow Brown male ab. - Lancing, Sussex August 2013 [Jessica Aidley]

Photo © Jessica Aidley

Meadow Brown ab. 1 (including brassy sheen) - Wolstonbury Hill, W Sussex 31-July-2016 [Richard Roebuck]

Photo © Richard Roebuck
31-Jul-2016

Meadow Brown ab. North Wilts Downs 26-July-2013. Butterfly 2

Photo © nomad

Meadow Brown ab. 1 (alba) - Wolstonbury Hill, W Sussex - 31-July-2016 [Richard Roebuck]

Photo © Richard Roebuck
31-Jul-2016

Meadow Brown -Butchershole Bottom, Friston, Sussex - 12-07-2014

Photo © Gary.N
12-Jul-2014

Meadow Brown ab. North Wilts Downs 26-July-2013. Butterfly 2 feeding at sawort

Photo © nomad

Meadow Brown, very pale female - Solihull West Midlands 20.07.2014

Photo © Neil Freeman
20-Jul-2014

Meadow Brown - aberration - nr Bathampton - 09-Aug-06 [Simon Crampin]

Photo © Simon Crampin

Meadow Brown, male, 28/08/2014, Old Winchester Hill

Photo © Pauline
28-Aug-2014

Meadow Brown ab. North Wilts Downs 26-July-2013. Butterfly 2

Photo © nomad

Meadow Brown ab - Dungeness 26-June-2016

Photo © Allan.W.
26-Jun-2016

Meadow Brown Female (ab. alba) - Steyning, Sussex 17-Aug-09

Photo © Vince Massimo
17-Aug-2009

Meadow Brown female - Upton Towans Cornwall 04.09.16

Photo © Neil Freeman
04-Sep-2016

2017-07-14 (70)R [Jenny Desoutter]

Photo © Jenny Desoutter

Meadow Brown male (ab.) 03/06/2007, Mountstewart, Co Down, Northern Ireland

Photo © Dave McCormick
03-Jun-2007

Meadow Brown - aberration - Ballard Down, Swanage, Dorset - 07-Aug-14 [Derek Haynes]

Photo © Derek Haynes

Photo Album (55 photos) ...


ab. addenda [a] (Mousley.Ent.Rec.1903.15.p.168.)

= antiexcessa Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.105.

Female with extra spots, other than those of the double apical spot, on the forewings, similar to the ab. excessa of tithonus [Pyronia tithonus, Gatekeeper] figured in Barrett.1.01.34.

ab. addenda [b] (Leeds.(nom.preoc.Mousley.1903).Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.105.)

An extra spot on the forewings but higher than the apical eye. Another absurd aberration, already covered by Mousley’s addenda [Goodson & Read].

ab. alba (Blackie.Entom.1920.53.p.278.)

= tincta Blackie.Entom.1920.53.p.278,sunk as synonym by Blackie in Ent.1921.54.p.57.
= antialba Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.99.

Female. The usually fulvous patch of the forewings replaced by white.

ab. anommata (Verity.Entom.1904.37.p.56.)

= oblitescens Schulz.Ent.Z.1908.21.p.279.
= inocellata Kiss.Rov.Lapok.1909.16.p.153.
= anomala Rebel.Berge’s.Schmett.1910.Ed.9.p.52.
= antiobsoletissima Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.106.

The apical eyespot of the forewings entirely absent. Presumably entirely means both upper and underside.

ab. anticastanea (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.101.)

Underside of the forewings with the basal area darker, at least as dark as dull coffee colour.

ab. anticrassipuncta (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.104.)

The apical spot of the forewings very large.

ab. antifulva (Lempke.Tijdschr.Ent.1957.100.p.461.)

Female. The yellow-brown patch on the forewings upperside so much extended that only narrow dark margins remain. The hindwings however are without a yellow-brown band or patch, which are present in ab. nuragiformis Verity.

ab. antimixtaexcessa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.105.)

The forewings showing on one side extra spotting below the apical eye, the other side normal.

ab. antinigromargo (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.103.pl.6.f.2.)

The borders of the forewings strongly blackish or black. Applies also to the upperside.

ab. antinigromargo (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.103.pl.6.f.2.)

The border of the forewings on both upper and underside strongly blackish.

ab. antiobscura (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.101.)

Underside of the forewings with the normally fulvous areas mainly or wholly obliterated by dark, but a slight sheen of the fulvous may remain.

ab. antiparvipuncta (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.104.)

The apical spot of the forewings very small.

ab. antipluripuncta (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.106.)

Forewings with an extra spot at the side of the apical eye, or in the area apart from the submedian.

ab. antirufa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.101.)

Female. The usual fulvous patch replaced by reddish or dark red.

ab. antiultrafulvescens (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.101.)

Underside of the forewings with the basal area definitely darker than normal but of a somewhat brightish brown colour.

ab. apicoextensa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.106.)

The apical spot of the forewings elongated sideways. The name also includes specimens with an elongated streak above the apical spot. The two forms have nothing in common and should not be under the same name.

ab. biirregularia (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.103.)

The wings on the one side different in colour from those on the other side.

ab. biocellata (Lempke.(nom.preoc.Tutt.1910).Lamb.1935.35.p.148.)

The apical eye of the forewings consists of two separated spots, each with a white pupil.

ab. biocellata (Tutt.Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.158.)

Two well-marked ocelli on the underside of the hindwings. The typical form has two ocelli, Tutt’s form can only be separated by the “well-marked”, a very feeble difference.

ab. bioculata (Rebel.Berge’s.Schmett.1910.p.52.)

= bipupillata Rocci.Cent.Lep.Piedmonts.1911.1.p.27.

On the forewings there are two white pupils to the apical eye.

ab. brevipennis (Lempke.Tijdschr.Ent.1957.100.p.464.)

All wings too short. Lempke, of course, means shorter than normal.

ab. brigitta (Ljungh.Vet.Acad.Nya.Handl.1799.20.p.147.pl.2.figs.6-7.)

= pallidula Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.100.

All wings pale and concolorous, the base and inner margin reddish. The fulvous patch and apical eyespot normal. This would appear to be the pale washed out form often met with in this species and not an albino since the apical spot is normal. Leeds pallidula was paler than typical varying from paler grey to paler brownish. Leeds wrongly cites Frohawk’s cervinus as an example of pallidula-transformis, quite wrongly since this is a pure albino.

ab. caeca (Rebel.Berge’s.Schmett.1910.Ed.9.p.52.)

= caeca Rocci.Cent.Lep.Piedmont.1911.1.p.27.
= caeca Ksienchopolsky.Werke.Ges.Erf.Wolh.1911.8.p.50.pl.1.f.3.
= caecoides Strand.(nom.nov.pro.caeca.Ksien.1911).Arch.Naturg.1926.91.A12.p.281.
= pupillatanulla Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.104.

The apical spot of the forewings blind, no trace of the white pupil.

ab. cinerascens (Fuchs.Jahrb.Nass.Ver.Nat.1892.45.p.85.)

On the upper and underside of the hindwings the brown ground is replaced by greyish. This sometimes extends to the forewings. Probably pathological.

ab. cinerea (Cosmovici.Le Nat.1892.p.264.)

All wings grey, the disc of the forewings shaded with bluish-green reflections. The underside of the forewings is golden-yellow, the hindwings grey, slightly rosy. It is not possible to define this form absolutely, it may be an albino or one of the many pale forms in this species, for this reason it is separated from the rest.

ab. costa-cava (Cabeau.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1904.p.66.pl.1.f.1.)

The costa of the forewings deeply concave. Probably pathological.

ab. costatransformis (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.102.)

Forewings with a paler band along the costal area, not pure white. Probably pathological.

ab. dextro-albescens (Tutt.Ent.Rec.1908.20.p.221.)

Large pallid areas on the upperside of the right pair of wings. Probably pathological.

ab. erymanthea (Esper.Eur.Schmett.1783.1.pt.2.p.180.pl.90.,cont.40.)

Male. On the upperside of the forewings the apical eye is doubled but still joined, only the upper one being pupilled. In the interior angle is an extra spot, which is quite large. Hindwings also show two spots. The underside is similar but another extra spot appears on the forewings between the apical doubled eye and the one at the interior angle. The hindwings show six spots, two of them pupilled with white. This must be a very rare form of the male.

ab. erymanthoides (Strand.Arch.Naturg.(1919)1920.85.A4.p.16.)

= bipupillata Leeds.(nom.preoc.Rocci.1911).Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.104.

The apical eye of the forewings doubled, sometimes separated but still connected by a short stalk, the lower spot not pupilled with white.

ab. excessa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.105.)

On the upper or underside all four wings showing one or more extra black spots.

ab. feminea (Graves.Entom.1930.63.p.54.)

Male. With chestnut scaling on the upperside of the hindwings. Described from the Irish subspecies iernes but may occur in other races.

ab. flavescens (Tutt.Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.179.)

Female. Underside of the hindwings with the basal area, and the forewings with the apex, of a chamois-leather tint. The hindwings strongly scaled with yellow towards the base.

ab. fracta (Zweigelt.Z.Ost.Ent.Ver.1918.3.p.11.f.3.)

Female. On the underside of the hindwings the median band is divided in the middle (cell 4) by a dark stripe, which cuts it into two parts.

ab. frohawki (Blackie.(nom.nov.pro.alba.Frohawk).Entom.1950.83.p.87.)

= alba Frohawk.(nom.preoc.Blackie.1920).Vars.Brit.Butts.1938.pl.9.f.3.

Female. Almost the same as pallida Frohawk which was a male. Most of each forewing is white only the margins brown, the right forewing showing rather more brown along the inner margin. Hindwings white with a brownish basal suffusion, more so on the left wing than the right. Probably pathological.

ab. fulvocincta (Fuchs.Jahrb.Nass.Ver.Nat.1900.53.p.37.)

= hertha Heinrich.Berl.Ent.Z.1909.54.p.3.
= ierniformis Graves.Entom.1930.63.p.75.
= antifulvosa Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.100.

Male. Forewings with a yellow-red dusty band, interrupted by the dark veins. Female fulvocincta Fuchs = postfulvosa Leeds. Heinrich’s hertha had a large yellow-red patch beneath the ocellus of the forewings. Grave’s ierniformis was a form similar to the male of subspecies iernes with the patch fulvous. Leed’s antifulvosa had a fulvous or ochreous patch below the apical eyespot. The normal male shows little fulvous around the apical eyespot.

ab. fulvopicta (Heinrich.Deutsch.Ent.Z.1925.p.247.)

Male. Forewings with a distinct yellow patch below the apical eyespot. Only differs from ab. fulvocincta Fuchs by the patch being yellow.

ab. glabrata (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.103.)

Wings with a greasy, varnished appearance. Probably pathological.

ab. grisea (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.404.)

Female. The underside with pale grey median band on the hindwings.

ab. grisea-argentacea (Oberthür.Lep.Comp.1909.3.p.385.)

= pallidus Frohawk.(nom.preoc.Frohawk.1934).Vars.Brit.Butts.1938.pl.10.f.2.male.
= cervinus Frohawk.Vars.Brit.Butts.1938.pl.10.f.3.female.

Albino. All wings silvery whitish to greyish, the orange of the subapical patch of the female showing up brightly. The grey form of the albino as opposed to the golden forms.

ab. grisea-aurea (Oberthür.Lep.Comp.1909.3.p.385.)

= fulvescens Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.101.pl.6.f.8.

Albino. All wings pale yellowish-white with a golden tint, the orange or fulvous patch of the female showing brightly. Leeds calls his figure fulvescens-transformis but the specimen is obviously an albino and not pathological as Leeds transformis forms seem mostly to be.

ab. grisescens (Tutt.Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.179.)

Female. Underside with the basal area of the hindwings and apex of the forewings strongly tinged with grey.

ab. huenei (Krulikowsky.Soc.Ent.1908.23.p.3.)

Female. The usual orange patch replaced by brown.

ab. illumunata (Krulikowsky.Soc.Ent.1908.23.p.3.)

Female. On the upperside of the hindwings an ochre-yellow mark at the end of the discoidal cell.

ab. illustris (Jachentov.Soc.Ent.1895.10.p.65.)

The upperside of all wings pale brownish-grey with a metallic reflection, the yellow patch paler than normal. Intermediate between cinerea Cosmovici and the type form. Lempke cites the figure in Frohawk’s Brit.Butts.pl.37.f.20 but this seems rather too rufous. Leeds has named this same figure rufa.

ab. infra-impunctata (Lempke.Lamb.1935.35.p.150.)

= postobsoletissima Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.106.

Underside of the hindwings with no black spots.

ab. infra-pupillata (Lempke.Lamb.1935.35.p.150.)

On the underside of the hindwings one or more spots are pupilled white. Normally the spots are black with no white centres.

ab. infrareticulata (Lempke.Tijdschr.Ent.1957.100.p.462.)

Underside of the hindwings nearly unicolorous grey with little dark striae, which are also present on the forewings along the costa and outer border.

ab. intermedia (Blackie.Entom.1920.53.p.278.)

= antipallidula Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.100.

Female. The usually fulvous patch on the forewings replaced by creamy yellow.

ab. irregularia (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.103.)

A patch of dark or brighter colour appearing on a wing or wings.

ab. lacticolor (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.100.)

All wings with a large creamy or pale greyish, not white, area. Leeds cites Frohawk’s pallidus in Vars.Brit.Butts.pl.10.f.2 as being of this form, which is quite wrong. This figure is of a pure albino. Frohawk’s pallidus is a synonym of grisea-argentacea Oberthür. Probably pathological.

ab. latimargo (Peerdeman.Ent.Ber.(Amst.).1962.22.p.42.f.12.)

On the underside of the forewings the dark border on the outer margin and inner margin is considerably broadened.

ab. leucothoe (Cabeau.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1923.23.p.24.)

All wings entirely white on upper and underside, even the feet and antennae are white.

ab. major (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.107.)

Large specimens above 51mm in males, 56mm in females.

ab. margotransformis (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.102.)

The outer borders of the wings bleached, pallid or washed out. Probably pathological.

ab. marmorea (Lambillion.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1903.p.66.)

= commacula Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.102.pl.6.f.3.

Upperside of all wings marbled with bluish-grey over the entire surface, even encroaching on the fulvous patch of the female. Leeds commacula had all wings with mottled appearance.

ab. minor (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.107.)

= nana Stephan.Iris.1923.37.p.34.,nom.nud.

Very small specimens, males below 44mm, females 47mm. Stephan in Iris.37 gives this name with no description except by suggestion of the name. Leeds much later name is therefore given precedence [Goodson & Read].

ab. mixtaexcessa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.105.)

One pair of wings showing on the upperside extra spots, the other pair normal.

ab. nigrianira (Johnstone.Entom.1941.74.p.243.)

= atrescens Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.102.

Female. The upperside of forewings dark greyish-brown, the fulvous patch almost absent, apical spot black with narrow orange surround. Hindwings dark greyish-brown. On the underside the hindwings are black, the central area a shade lighter. Forewings with wide black marginal band reducing the orange part which itself is suffused with blackish. Mainly an underside form.

ab. nigro-rubra (Lambillion.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1903.p.66.)

Male. Ground colour very dark, the ordinary band on the forewings vivid red. Hindwings uniformly strong black. Underside forewings brick-red, hindwings brownish-red.

ab. nuragiformis (Verity.Ent.Rec.1916.28.p.169.)

Female. On the upperside of the forewings the fulvous patch extends over the greater part of the wing, the brown ground colour being restricted to the costa and outer margin. The hindwings also show a fulvous band.

ab. obsoletissima (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.106.)

Underside with the apical spot of the forewings absent and all the spots of the hindwings.

ab. ocellata (Tutt.Ent.Rec.1908.20.p.247.)

On the underside of the hindwings there are six black spots, the second and fifth being the strongest.

ab. ochrea (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.100.)

Female. Underside with the wings overspread with bright ochreous or bright golden.

ab. pallens (Thiery-Mieg.Le Nat.1889.11.p.74.)

= antilacticolor Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.99.

Female. The usually fulvous patch replaced by pale whitish-yellow.

ab. pallida (Frohawk.Comp.Book.Brit.Butts.1934.pl.2.f.19.)

Male. On the upperside of the forewings a large symmetrical triangle of white almost filling each wing, leaving only the margins brown. Hindwings all white with a slight duskiness at the base. Probably pathological.

ab. partimtransformis (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.102.pl.6.f.5.)

Portions of a wing or wings with patches, streaks, or stripes of whitish, bleached, or scaleless. Probably pathological.

ab. pauper (Verity.Ent.Rec.1916.28.p.169.)

= antiaurolancea Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.106.

On the upperside of the forewings the fulvous patch of the female is much restricted thereby showing a wider margin. The patch is sometimes divided into macules by the darkened veins, the main apical spot very small, the lower one absent.

ab. postalbescens (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.99.)

Underside of the hindwings with the median band broad and white or nearly so, mostly containing some darker speckling. The darker speckling would bring the form very near to Tutt’s ab. grisea but in case Leeds saw specimens with a really white band, it is given the benefit of the doubt [Goodson & Read].

ab. postatrescens (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.102.pl.6.f.2.)

The underside of the hindwings well blackish or black.

ab. postaurolancea (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.120.pl.3.f.4.)

Female. On the underside of the hindwings the median band is mainly or wholly split up into long rays or wedges through the veins being dusted with dark.

ab. postexcessa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.105.)

On the upperside of the hindwings one or more black spots. The type form has none.

ab. postfulvosa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.100.)

= [female] fulvocincta Fuchs.(nom.preoc.[male].fulvocincta.Fuchs).Jahrb.Nass.V.Nat.1900.53.p.37.

Upperside of the hindwings with a bright band of ochreous, orange or fulvous divided by the veins. Fuchs named two different forms under the one name. The male had a yellow-red area around the apical eyespot and is here treated as the true fulvocincta. The female had a more yellow band on both fore and hindwings before the margins as in postfulvosa Leeds, which must stand as the name for the form with a coloured band on the hindwings. Lempke in Lamb.1935 erroneously calls this female form of Fuchs, rufocincta, and still does so in his Cat.Ned.Macrolep.1936, and again in the fifth supplement to it in 1957 with a wrong description, which actually applies to ab. illuminata Krulikowsky. He also, for reasons best known to himself, restricts the name fulvocincta to the female form, not the male, which has line priority, see Lamb.1935.35.p.104. The form fulvocincta, according to Fuchs himself, had a complete band on fore and hindwings not just a macule of yellow at the end of the discal cell of the hindwings as Lempke states. See Tijdschr.Ent.1957.100.p.461.

ab. postmixtaexcessa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.105.)

On the hindwings one wing showing extra spots on the upperside, the other wing none.

ab. pseudomas (Cockerell.Entom.1889.22.p.26.)

Female with the colouration of the male. The fulvous patch apparently is absent or nearly so.

ab. radiata (Frohawk.Vars.Brit.Butts.1938.pl.9.f.1.)

All wings rayed horizontally with whitish, the rays becoming more concentrated in the area of the apical eye of the forewings. Leeds includes this form in his partimtransformis, which has portions of a wing or wings showing odd patches. Frohawk’s form is symmetrically marked and in any case has priority over Leeds name. Probably pathological.

ab. rufa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.101.,Frohawk.Brit.Butts.pl.37.)

The upperside of all wings pale reddish-fuscous as the figure in Frohawk’s Brit.Butts.pl.37.f.20.

ab. semi-intermedia (Lempke.(nom.nov.pro.semialba.Blackie).Lamb.1935.35.p.101.)

= semialba Blackie.(nom.preoc.Bruand.1849).Entom.1920.53.p.278.

Female. The upper half of the usually fulvous patch of the forewings is yellow, the lower half white.

ab. semialba (Bruand.Bull.Soc.Emmulation du Doubs.1849.p.40.)

Two thirds of the ground colour of all four wings entirely white, the borders of normal colour. The form is therefore a white aberration analogous to the white tithonus [Pyronia tithonus, Gatekeeper] in Pap.d’Europe.Suppl.XII.p.262.pl.LXVI.figs.f and g. The specimen figured by Frohawk in Vars.Brit.Butts.pl.9.f.2 is certainly not semialba Bruand [Goodson & Read].

ab. subhispulla (Strand.Ent.Z.1912.25.p.254.)

Female with the usually fulvous band of the forewings replaced by brown-red and with a band of the same tint on the hindwings. Described from the figure in Tijdschr.Ent.48.pl.4.f.4 by Oudemans. The form is very similar to the female fulvocincta Fuchs but with a brown band on both wings instead of yellowish.

ab. subsuffusa (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.102.pl.6.f.4.)

A bleached or whitish patch starting at the apex of a forewing or forewings. Probably pathological.

ab. subtus-albida (Silbernagel.Acta.Soc.Ent.Bohem.1943.40.p.1.)

On the underside of the forewings the dark margin is present but the rest of the wing is whitish, slightly tinged with yellowish, instead of the normal ochre-yellow. Upperside colour normal.

ab. suffusa (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.404.)

Male. Dark, almost black, without any orange marking.

ab. testacea (Schille.Z.Ost.Ent.Ver.1922.7.p.19.)

Male. Chocolate-brown, in the upper part of the discal cell, and towards the ocellus, the wings are lightened by a strong whitish dull yellow, which extends above the androconial patch outwards, gradually merging into the ground colour. Underside of the forewings dirty ochre-yellow with broad grey-brown margins. Hindwings upperside with only the marginal band dark, the rest of the wing rather paler than the forewing; this lightening extends over the whole of the wing so that the venation is completely visible in thick brown. Underside dirty grey-white, in the middle of the cell a dark brown spot framed in ochre-yellow.

ab. transformis (Leeds.Proc.S.Lond.Ent.&.Nat.Hist.Soc.(1948-49)1950.p.103.pl.6.figs.7-8.)

One, two, three, or all wings, of a bleached, pallid, or misty nature. Leeds cites Frohawk’s ab. pallidus in Vars.Brit.Butts.pl.10.f.2 as an example, which is quite wrong. It is a pure albino, is not bleached, pallid or misty and is a synonym of grisea-argentacea Oberthür. Probably pathological.

ab. violacea (Wheeler.Butts.Switz.1903.p.113.)

Female. The underside of the hindwings with the median band strongly tinted with heliotrope.

ab. wauteiri (Lambillion.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1905.p.19.pl.3.)

The wings almost symmetrically marked with white. The forewings with a narrow elongated stripe covering the apical eye and the hindwings with a curved narrow central white band or stripe not quite reaching either the costa or the inner margin. The ground colour strong olivaceous grey slightly mixed with yellowish. The figure shows the left forewing apical eye enclosed in the white stripe but on the right forewing it is not completely enclosed. Probably pathological.