Common Blue Aberrations

Due to the sheer number of named aberrations for some species, not all are shown on the species pages - only those for which corresponding images are available. This page, however, provides access to all of the named aberrations for a given species, where known and Goodson & Read (1969) is a key resource in this regard.

Species:

Introduction

Description to be completed.

Unclassified Aberrations

Common Blue-Compton Bay IOW 22-May-2016

Photo © Buchan Boy

Common Blue - imago - Whitecross Green Wood - 03-Jun-04 (4)

Photo © Pete Eeles
03-Jun-2004

Female Common Blue, Noar Hill, 04/06/2017

Photo © Pauline
04-Jun-2017

Common Blue female (ab.) - Mill Hill, Sussex 24-May-2015

Photo © Neil Hulme
24-May-2015

Common Blue (female variant) Windover Hill, East Sussex 16th August 2009

Photo © Lee Hurrell
16-Aug-2009

Common Blue

Photo © nigpd
07-Aug-2011

female common blue (aberration) Slade meadow by Brasenose Woods, Oxford 23-May-2015

Photo © Mike p
23-May-2015

Common Blue - imago - Greenham Common - 09-Jun-13-8

Photo © Pete Eeles

Common Blue - imago - Greenham Common - 10-Jun-13-17

Photo © Pete Eeles

Common Blue - aberration - Beenham Village - Jul-02 [Derek Brown]

Photo © Derek Brown

Common Blue Female (variant) - Ballard Down, Dorset 25-May-06 (0155)

Photo © Vince Massimo
25-May-2006

Common Blue female - ab - Noar Hill - 8th - August - 2014

Photo © Maximus
08-Aug-2014

Common Blue - aberration - Greenham Common - 25-May-12

Photo © Pete Eeles

Common Blue - Female - Somerset - 27/05/14

Photo © William
27-May-2014

Common-Blue- 1DX7026. Lincs. August 2015

Photo © IainLeach

Common Blue - ab - Larkhill - 18-09-2013

Photo © Wurzel
18-Sep-2013

Common Blue - imago - Denbies Hillside - 13-May-11 (1)

Photo © Pete Eeles

Common Blue - imago - Hartslock - 14-May-08 (20)

Photo © Pete Eeles
14-May-2008

Common Blue male ab. semi obsoleta - Chalton Down, Hampshire 24-May-2008 [Richard Symonds]

Photo © Richard Symonds
24-May-2008

Common Blue - aberration - Devils Dyke, Newmarket - 10-Jun-07 [Nick Ballard]

Photo © Nick Ballard

Photo Album (57 photos) ...


ab. albescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Male. The underside pale grey, inclined to whitish.

ab. albicosta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The costa of the forewings white, especially among the ‘blue’ forms.

ab. albinos (Verity.Bull.Soc.Ent.Fr.1903.p.288.,fig.Farf.Diurn.It.pl.[?].f.13.)

The figure shows a male, mostly blue but with large patches of whitish on the outer parts of the wings. The underside nearly white with the marginal lunules absent. Probably pathological.

ab. albistria (Wright.Entom.1941.74.p.150.)

Female. On the underside of the forewings there is a pure white streak from near the base, through the upper basal spot and continuing through the discoidal spot to a short distance beyond.

ab. albo-ocellata (Gillmer.Soc.Ent.1904.18.p.186.)

= albomaculata Gillmer.Ent.Z.1904.18.p.2.
= caeca Oberthür.Lep.Comp.1910.4.pp.240 and 670.pl.43.f.323.
= duesseldorfensis Strand.(nom.nov.pro.caeca.Oberthür).Arch.Naturg.1927.91.p.282.
= private Schonfeld.Int.Ent.Z.1924.18.p.40.

On the underside the ocellated spots contain no black centres. The marginal spots are present but fainter.

ab. albocincta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of all wings ringed with white.

ab. albocircumcincta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.153.)

On the underside the usual black centers to the ocellated spots are replaced by grey centres of the same grey as the ground colour.

ab. albocuneata (Cabeau.Lamb.1926.26.p.90.)

Female with a white wedge-shaped mark in the disc of the hindwings. Tutt has named most of the forms showing this character. This name can be used for any combination not already named.

ab. albolimbata (Baumann.Mitt.Munch.Ent,Ges.1921.11.p.44.)

On the underside of the hindwings the marginal lunules are narrow and pushed inwards leaving a white border as in hylas [syn. Polyommatus dorylas, Turquoise Blue]. The small black spots in the margin are visible.

ab. albolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with orange marginal lunules on all wings which are edged internally with white.

ab. albomarginata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. On the hindwings the marginal black spots are edged externally with white. Fulvous lunules are not mentioned, presumably without.

ab. albopuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of all wings in the form of white spots with no black centre.

ab. analijuncta (Beuret.Journ.Ent.Suisse.1926.5.3.,Schweiz.Ent.Anz.1926.5.p.4.)

On the underside of the hindwings an extra basal spot appears between the third and fourth and unites with the fourth.

ab. angulata (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.)

Female. Wings brownish-grey covered thinly with lilac-blue scales. On the forewings an angulated row of pale blue spots just inside the marginal lunules. Hindwings showing a pale wedge and pale blue margins.

ab. antico-obsoleta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.155.,Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.100.)

On the underside of the forewings there are no spots except the discoidal. The hindwings more or less normal but tending towards obsolescence.

ab. anticoalbocincta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the forewings ringed with white.

ab. anticoalbopuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the forewings in the form of white spots with no black centre.

ab. anticoapicalis (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.135.)

On the underside of both fore and hindwings the first or top submedian unites with a marginal chevron in a streak. It is not at all clear why Tutt calls this antico yet states that the hindwings have the same character as the forewings. Presumably a mistake.

ab. anticocaeruleocincta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the forewings ringed with blue.

ab. anticocaeruleopuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the forewings in the form of blue spots with no black centre.

ab. anticodiscreta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside of the forewings the submedian spots are thrown outwards towards the margin.

ab. anticoelunata (Verity.(nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt.nec.Gerhard).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites Tutt.(nec.Gerhard).Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.140.

Female with the upperside brown with no fulvous marginal lunules on the forewings but small ones on the hindwings. Tutt treated thersites Gerhard as an aberration of icarus but it is a separate species [Polyommatus thersites, Chapman’s Blue]. Verity consequently named the icarus aberration as anticoelunata. Because of this the combination forms of thersites named by Tutt may be altered to anticoelunata plus the combination name, such as thersites-thetis etc. Under the [rules of precedence] this was not necessary, aberrational names being infra-specific the name thersites could still stand.

ab. anticoelunata-albocuneata (Verity.(nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-albocuneata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.

Feamale. Brown with orange lunules on the hindwings only and a white wedge-shaped mark in the disc of the hindwings.

ab. anticoelunata-albolunulata (Verity.(nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-albolunulata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.

Female. Wings brown with orange lunules on the hindwings only, these being edged internally with white. Verity renamed the thersites of Tutt because thersites Gerhard is a distinct species [Polyommatus thersites, Chapman’s Blue].

ab. anticoelunata-caeruleocuneata (Verity.(nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-caeruleocuneata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.

Female. Brown with orange lunules on the hindwings only and a blue wedge-shaped mark in the disc of the hindwings.

ab. anticoelunata-caeruleolunulata (Verity.(nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt.nec.Gerhard.).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-caeruleolunulata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.

Female. Wings brown with orange lunules on hindwings only, the lunules edged internally with blue. As thersites is a distinct species [Polyommatus thersites, Chapman’s Blue], Verity renamed it anticoelunuata.

ab. anticoelunata-caerulescens (Verity.(anticoelunata.nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt).[DATE & PUBLICATION - Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.?])

= thersites-caerulescens Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.143.

Female. The wings brown with blue only at the base and with orange marginal lunules on the hindwings only.

ab. anticoelunata-semiclara (Verity.(nom.nov.pro.thersites-semiclara.Tutt).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-semiclara Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.144.

Female. Bright blue bases to the brown wings and with orange marginal lunules on the hindwings only. Hardly worthy of separation from the other forms with blue bases, the blue being merely brighter.

ab. anticoelunata-supracaerulea (Verity.(nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt.nec.Gerhard).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-supracaerulea Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.

Female. The wings entirely blue including the costa but with orange marginal lunules on the hindwings only.

ab. anticoelunata-thestylis (Verity.(anticoelunata.Verity.nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-thestylis Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.

Female. The wings blue to beyond the discoidal spot and orange marginal lunules on the hindwings only. Verity renamed thersites of Tutt because thersites Gerhard is a separate species [Polyommatus thersites, Chapman’s Blue].

ab. anticoelunata-thetis (Verity.(anticoelunata.Verity.nom.nov.pro.thersites.Tutt).Farf.Diurn.It.1943.2.p.247.)

= thersites-thetis Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.

Female. The wings blue to beyond the discoidal spot, the costa and outer margin dark brown and orange marginal lunules on the hindwings only. Verity renames the thersites of Tutt because thersites Gerhard is a distinct species [Polyommatus thersites, Chapman’s Blue].

ab. anticoglomerata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside of the forewings the submedian and basal spots are drawn in towards the discoidal spot forming a sort of semicircle around it.

ab. antifulvescens (Bright & Leeds.Mon.Coridon.Addenda.1941.p.139.)

Female. The underside of the forewings of a golden-brown.

ab. apicata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with orange lunules on all wings and pale interneural lunules towards the apex of the forewings.

ab. apicata-albocuneata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Brown with orange lunules on all wings with pale interneural lunules towards the apex of the forewings. Hindwings with a whitish wedge-shaped mark in the disc.

ab. apicata-albolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with orange lunules on all wings and pale interneural lunules towards the apex of the forewings and white edging on the internal side of the marginal lunules.

ab. apicata-caeruleocuneata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Brown with orange marginal lunules on all wings and with pale interneural lunules owards the apex of the forewings. Hindwings with a blue wedge-shaped mark in the disc.

ab. apicata-caeruleolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Brown with orange marginal lunules on all wings and pale interneural lunules towards the apex of the forewings, also with blue edging to the marginal lunules on their inner side.

ab. apicata-caerulescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Brown with the basal parts scaled with blue and pale interneural lunules towards the apex of the forewings.

ab. apicata-supracaerulea (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.)

Female. Wings entirely blue including the costa of the forewings and with pale interneural lunules towards the apex of the forewings. It can also show pale lunules internally edging the marginal area.

ab. apicata-thestylis (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.)

Female. Wings brown with blue scaling from the base to beyond the discoidal spot and with pale interneural lunules towards the apex of the forewings.

ab. apicata-thetis (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.)

Female. Wings blue except the costa and outer margin which are still brown and with orange marginal lunules on all wings. On the forewings pale interneural lunules towards the apex.

ab. apicijuncta (Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.51.)

On the underside of the forewings the top submedian spot is united with its opposite marginal chevron in a streak.

ab. apicojuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.134.)

= posticoapicalis Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.135.
= limbojuncta Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.51.

On the underside of the hindwings the top submedian spot is united with first or top marginal chevron. Tutt named this form on p.134 and again on p.135 using a different name.

ab. arcuata-basielongata (Beuret.Lamb.1927.27.p.31.)

On the underside of the forewings the lower basal spot united with the lowest submedian in the form of an arc just above the inner margin and the upper basal spot elongated.

ab. arcuata-centro-retrojuncta (Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.51.)

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot united with the lowest submedian in the form of an arc and another basal spot united with the discoidal spot in a streak. On the hindwings the third basal spot united with its opposite submedian spot in a streak.

ab. arcuata-costa-retrojuncta (Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.52.)

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot united with the lowest submedian in the form of an arc just above the inner margin. On the hindwings the first basal spot united with submedian in a streak and the third basal with the opposite submedian in another streak.

ab. arcuata-imojuncta (Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.51.)

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot united with the lowest submedian in the form of an arc just above the inner margin. On the hindwings an extra basal spot, situated between the third and fourth spot, is united with a submedian in a streak.

ab. arcuata-retro-imojuncta (Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.52.)

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot united with the lowest submedian in an arc just above the inner margin. On the hindwings the third basal spot and an extra basal spot next to it, are united with opposite submedian spots to form two streaks.

ab. argenteoguttata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.172.)

On the underside of the hindwings the marginal markings are ocellated with bright metallic scales as in aegon (argus) [syn. Plebejus argus, Silver-studded Blue].

ab. arionoides (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.128.)

Male with dark iron-blue ground colour similar to that of M. arion [Maculinea arion, Large Blue].

ab. astrachoides (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.141.)

Female with the upperside almost indistinguishable from astrache [syn. Aricia agestis, Brown Argus]. All wings brown with well-developed orange marginal lunules. On the underside there is no basal spot on the forewings as in astrache.

ab. aurescens [a] (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.129.)

Female. The marginal lunules deep orange, approaching red. Also applies to the underside. This is so similar to the typical form that it can hardly be termed an aberration.

ab. aurescens [b] (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.pp.129 and 133.)

The underside marginal lunules orange-red. Hardly worthy of separation from the typical form.

ab. auroextensa (Bright & Leeds.Mon.Coridon.1938.p.118.)

= flavastriata Dujardin.Rev.Fr.Lep.1945.10.p.172.

Female. On the forewings an orange or reddish streak outwardly separated from the marginal lunules extending to, or beyond, the discal area. Dujardin’s flavastriata had an orange stripe from the one third of the cell almost to the marginal lunules of the forewings.

ab. auropuncta (Bright & Leeds.Mon.Coridon.1938.p.118.)

Female. On the forewings an orange or reddish marking, confined to the area of the discoidal cell.

ab. barnumi (Dujardin.Rev.Fr.Lep.1945.10.p.172.)

On the underside all the small black marginal dots fail completely leaving each interneural space half white exteriorly, and half orange.

ab. basijuncta (Tutt.Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.51.)

= retrojuncta Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.50.

On the underside of the hindwings the third basal spot is united with its opposite submedian spot in the form of a streak.

ab. biarcuata (Fritsch.Berl.Ent.Z.1909.54.p.233.)

= biarcuata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.43.

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot, or two basal spots unite, with two submedians to form a double arc, one above the other situated just above the inner margin.

ab. bibasijuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.135.)

On the underside of the hindwings the third and fourth basal spots unite with their opposite submedian spots to form two streaks.

ab. biformis (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.148.)

Apparently female. The right wings blue bearing a row of black marginal spots inwardly edged with red on both fore and hindwings. The left wings of the ordinary brown type with the orange marginal lunules well-developed. On the underside all the wings have strong orange marginal lunules.

ab. bion (Rebel.Berge’s Schmett.1910.Ed.9.p.70.)

On the underside the spots are smaller, the basal spots absent and the orange marginal spots also absent. On the hindwings a long white streak reaches the base along vein M3.

ab. brunnea (Fuchs.Jahrb.Nass.Ver.Nat.1900.53.p.31.)

Male underside reddish-grey to reddish grey-brown, the female being more rust-brown than the male.

ab. brunnescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Female. The underside dark brown.

ab. caerulea (Fuchs.Stett.Ent.Z.1877.p.133.)

= glauca Maassen.Stett.Ent.Z.1880.p.160.

Female. The wings blue from the base almost to the marginal lunules. The costa, discoidal spot and nervures blackish. Placed as a synonym of thetis Esper by Tutt but from its description would seem to be more extensively blue than the figures by Esper.

ab. caerulea-cuneata (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.)

Female. The wings brown with lilac-blue bases, wedge-shaped mark and central spot on the hindwings. The ‘caerulea’ in this form is apparently for the blue on the wings, the colour of the wedge-shaped mark is not given.

ab. caeruleocincta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of all wings ringed with blue.

ab. caeruleolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with orange marginal lunules on all wings which are edged internally with blue.

ab. caeruleomarginata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. On the hindwings the marginal black spots are edged externally with blue. Fulvous lunules not mentioned, presumably without.

ab. caeruleopuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of all wings in the form of blue spots with no black centre.

ab. caerulescens (Wheeler.Butts.Switz.1903.p.35.)

= caerulea Touu.(nom.preoc.Fuchs.).Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.

Female. The wings brown with blue scaling only in the basal area.

ab. candaon (Bergsträsser.Icon.1779.1.pl.6.figs.3-4.)

Male with bright blue ground, without a red or purple tinge.

ab. candiope (Bergsträsser.Nom.1779.2.p.78.pl.48.figs.3-4.)

= iphis Meigen.Eur.Schmett.1830.2.p.25.pl.47.f.5.
= unipuncta Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.24.

On the underside of the forewings only one basal spot.

ab. casanensis (Krulikowsky.Bull.Mosc.1890.4.p.223.)

= caerulea Ruhl.Gross.Schmett.1893.p.268.

Female. The forewings brown with blue scaling at the base but the hindwings broadly blue. The marginal lunules small.

ab. cervinescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Male and female. The underside of a yellow-brown or fawn.

ab. clarescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Male. The underside grey with a bluish tinge.

ab. combinata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.164.)

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot attempts to unite with the lowest submedian (semiarcuata) and extra small black dots appear in the submedian-discoidal area (addenda). The other spots are very large.

ab. cometa (Wize.Motyle.Okalic.Jez.Posnan.1917.p.7.)

Female. A blue wedge-shaped mark in the disc of the hindwings. This can be used for any form showing this character not already named. Tutt used a very similar name but spelled caerulea for his caerulea-cuneata but the ‘caerulea’ was for the wing coloration not the wedge-shaped mark.

ab. confluens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.167.)

= centrijuncta Courvoisier.Ent.Z.1911.25.p.83.

On the underside of the forewings the upper basal spot is united with the discoidal spot in a streak.

ab. costajuncta (Tutt.Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.51.)

On the underside of the hindwings the first basal spot is united with its opposite submedian spot in the form of a streak near the costa.

ab. costo-retrojuncta (Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.51.)

On the underside of the hindwings the first basal spot is united with the top submedian spot in a streak and the third basal to its opposite submedian in another streak. A combination of costajuncta and basijuncta (retrojuncta).

ab. courvoisieri (Hirschke.Verh.zool.-bot.Ges.Wien.1910.60.p.412.)

Male. On the underside the usual black spots, with the exception of the four basals, are red like the marginal lunules. The triangular surround to the marginal lunules are white instead of black. The upperside is blue at the base and paler on the outer half with a reddish sheen.

ab. crassipuncta (Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.19.)

On the underside the spots strikingly large.

ab. dextro-obsoleta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.156.)

On the underside the left wings are normal but the right wings with the spots obsolete.

ab. digitata (Courvoisier.Z.Wiss.Ins.Biol.1907.3.p.22.pl.1.f.22.)

= striata Gillmer.(nec.Tutt).Int.Ent.Z.1908.2.p.154.
= radiata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.pp.134 and 165.

On the underside the submedian spots are elongated into long streaks which reach the discoidal spot and a basal spot united with the discoidal spot in a streak. Forewing only.

ab. discreta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside the submedian spots of both fore and hindwings are thrown outwards towards the margin, sometimes forming a straight line.

ab. dorylas (Jermyn.Butt.Coll.Vade.Mecum.1827.)

Male of a bright lilac-blue. Possibly a synonym of the type.

ab. elongata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.170.)

= basi-elongata Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.46.

On the underside the basal spots are elongated. Tutt says ”elongated not duplicated”.

ab. erosoides (Tutt.(nom.nov.pro.eros.Stephens).Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.138.)

= eros Stephens.(nec.Ochsenheimer).Ill.Brit.Ent.Haust.1829.1.p.93.misidentification.

Male with the ground colour approaching that of eros Ochsenheimer [Polyommatus eros, Eros Blue], or of a coridon [Polyommatus coridon, Chalk Hill Blue] tint.

ab. excessa (Gillmer.Int.Ent.Z.1908.2.p.178.)

= addenda Tutt.Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.51.
= pluripuncta Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.58.

On the underside small extra black spots appear on the forewings and rarely on the hindwings, usually between the submedian spots and the discoidal spot.

ab. extensa (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.164.)

= discoelongata Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.46.

On the underside an elongation of the submedian row of spots, sometimes also the basal, into long oval, pyriform or cuneate streaks on both fore and hindwings. Apparently the ovals or streaks are longer than in Tutt’s transiens.

ab. extrema (Courvoisier.Z.Wiss.Ins.Biol.1907.3.p.37.)

On the underside of all wings a basal spot is united with the discoidal spot in a streak and the discoidal is united by two streaks to the submedians. The rest of the submedian spots are rayed outwards to unite with the marginal chevrons and also rayed inwards towards the discoidal but, apart from the two already mentioned, do not reach it. See Courvoisier’s diagram at the end of Vorbrodt’s Schmett der Schweiz.

ab. fimbrinotata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

= nigrosubciliata Donovan.Cat.Lep.Ireland.1936.p.14.

The fringes of all wings show short blackish bars on the inner part of the white fringe. Donovan’s form had the nervures, especially those of the hindwings, prolonged as black streaks half way into the white cilia.

ab. flaveoextensa (Bright & Leeds.Mon.Coridon.1938.p.118.)

Female. As in ab. auroextensa Bright & Leeds but the streak yellowish or straw coloured.

ab. flaveopuncta (Bright & Leeds.Mon.Coridon.1938.p.118.)

Female. On the forewings a yellowish or straw-coloured marking, confined to the area of the discoidal cell.

ab. flaveosa (Bright & Leeds.Mon.Coridon.1938.p.118.)

Female. A series of rays extending from the margin of the forewings to, or beyond, the discoidal spot as in ab. rufina Oberthür, but yellowish or golden instead of red or orange.

ab. flavescens [a] (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.129.)

Female. The marginal lunules pale yellow instead of the normal orange-red. Also applies to the underside.

ab. flavescens [b] (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.pp.129 and 133.)

The underside marginal lunules pale yellow instead of the normal reddish.

ab. fuliginosa (Courvoisier.Lyc.Basel.[NO DATE].p.60.,see.Seitz.Suppl.1.p.274.)

On the underside the area of the orange marginal spots is duskily suffused. Description from Seitz.

ab. fusca (Gillmer.Int.Ent.Z.1908.2.p.11.)

= brunnea Courvoisier.(nom.preoc.Fuchs.1900).Ent.Z.1910.24.p.141.

Female with the upperside entirely brown with no orange marginal lunules.

ab. fusca-albocuneata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with no orange marginal lunules. On the hindwings a white wedge-shaped mark in the disc.

ab. fusca-albolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with no orange marginal lunules but the marginal area of the hindwings edged internally to the position of the orange lunules, if they were present, with white.

ab. fusca-caeruleocuneata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with no orange marginal lunules. On the hindwings a blue wedge-shaped mark in the disc.

ab. fusca-caeruleolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with no marginal lunules. The marginal area of the hindwings edged internally to the position of the orange lunules, if they were present, with blue.

ab. fusca-caerulescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.143.)

Female. The wings brown with blue only at the base and with no trace of orange marginal lunules.

ab. fusca-semiclara (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.144.)

Female. Bright blue bases to the brown wings but with no marginal orange lunules.

ab. fusca-supracaerulea (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.)

Female. The wings entirely blue including the costa but with no orange marginal lunules.

ab. fusca-thestylis (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Brown with blue scaling to beyond the discoidal spot. No marginal lunules.

ab. fusca-thetis (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.131.)

Female. The wings blue to beyond the discoidal spot, the costa and outer margin dark brown or black. No orange marginal lunules.

ab. fuscescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Male and female. The underside of a brownish-grey.

ab. fusciolus (Geoffroy.Fourc.Ent.Paris.1785.p.245.)

= atrescens Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.129.

Female with the upperside deep black-brown and with orange marginal lunules on all wings. This is very similar to the typical form but separable on account of its much darker ground colour.

ab. glomerata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside of both fore and hindwings the submedian and basal spots are drawn in towards the discoidal spot forming a sort of semicircle around it.

ab. grisescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Male. The underside dark grey.

ab. hyacinthus (Stephens.Cat.1829.p.24.)

A small form of icarinus Scharfenberg with no basal spots on the underside of the forewings. Hardly worthy of separation from icarinus.

ab. hylasoides (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.128.)

Male with brilliant glossy blue ground colour, similar to that of hylas [syn. Polyommatus dorylas, Turquoise Blue].

ab. hyperadonius (Donovan.Cat.Lep.Ireland.1936.p.14.)

Male of a brilliant steely blue exceeding the effulgence of bellargus [Polyommatus bellargus, Adonis Blue].

ab. icarinus (Scharfenberg.Scriba’s Journal.1791.1.p.216.)

= impuncta Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.24.

On the underside of the forewings there are no basal spots. The type form is said to have two basal spots.

ab. imojuncta (Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.50.pl.5.f.15.)

On the underside of the hindwings and extra basal spot appears between the third and fourth basals and unites with a submedian spot in the form of a streak.

ab. iphis-albocuneata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with orange marginal lunules on all wings and on the hindwings a wedge-shaped mark in the disc which is white.

ab. iphis-caeruleocuneata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with no blue scaling and orange lunules on all wings. On the hindwings a wedge-shaped mark in the disc which is blue.

ab. iphis-cuneata (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.)

Tutt split this form into the two colours white and blue in his later work so this name is no longer required. The description said the wings brown with orange marginal lunules and pale bluish or whitish wedge-shaped mark on the hindwings.

ab. isabellata (Rostagno.Bull.Soc.Zool.It.1906.7.p.272.)

Female with light sabelline ground colour as though exposed to sunlight.

ab. labienus (Jermyn.Butt.Coll.Vade.Mecum.1824.Ed.1.p.58.)

= eros Wood.(nom.preoc.Ochsenheimer).Ind.Ent.1839.8.pl.3.f.70.
= pusillus Gerhard.Vers.Mon.Eur.Schmett.1853.pl.28.f.3a-c.

Dwarf specimens of a pale lilac-blue. These must be very similar to pallida Tutt but are separated on account of their small size.

ab. lacon (Kirby.Jermyn’s Butt.Coll.Vade.Mecum.1827.p.168.)

Tutt places this form in icarus although there is doubt as to whether it is a worn bellargus [Polyommatus bellargus, Adonis Blue]. Female like thestylis Kirby but the fringe of the hindwings is barred with brown.

ab. latimargo (Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.23.)

Male, with the normally narrow, dark margin on the upperside of the wings unusually broad.

ab. livida (Gillmer.Int.Ent.Z.1909.3.p.64.)

Male with lead coloured grey-blue upperside, analogous with ab. suffusa Cockerell of L. bellargus [Polyommatus bellargus, Adonis Blue].

ab. lutescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside the marginal lunules are orange-yellow.

ab. major (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Large examples over 35mm.

ab. marginelineata (Hackray.Lamb.1946.46.p.18.)

Perineural defect. On the underside of the forewings the four upper median ocelli are united into a transverse line and the marginal spots form an uninterrupted line. On the hindwings the median ocelli 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 are united, spot 7 being absent. The upper three marginal chevrons are united into a clear line and the surmounting triangles form a continuous wavy line. The black marginal dots form a line only broken in its centre.

ab. melanostriata (Crombrugghe.Rev.Mens.Soc.Ent.Nam.1911.p.83.)

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot united with the lowest submedian in the form of an arc just above the inner margin. Hindwings with a large pair-shaped mark in the middle of the anal border and above it a streak, deep black.

ab. melanotoxa (Pincitore-Marott.Giorn.Agr.Pastor.1872.p.248.)

= arcuata Weymer.Jahresb.Nat.Ver.Elberf.1878.5.p.55.
= arcua Wheeler.Ent.Rec.1902.14.p.58.

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot is united with the lowest submedian spot just above the inner margin in the form of an arc. This form is most commonly called arcuata in the Lycaenidae. See also nigroarcuata Meves.

ab. minor (Cockerell.Entom.1889.22.p.176.)

= nana Grund.Int.Ent.Z.1908.2.p.79.
= minor Ksienchopolsky.Rhop.Sud.Ouest.Russe.1911.p.60.

Small dwarfed examples of either sex.

ab. minor-melanotoxa (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.170.)

Very small specimens of the melanotoxa (arcuata) form. Not worthy of separation.

ab. minor-semiarcuata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.170.)

Very small specimens of semiarcuata Courvoisier. Hardly worthy of separation.

ab. mixta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.162.)

On the underside one forewing has no basal spots, the other forewing with one spot.

ab. multipuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.171.)

On the underside of the forewings more than five basal spots.

ab. nigro-cuneata (Lacreuze.Bull.Soc.Lep.Gen.1909.1.p.382.pl.9.f.1.)

On the underside of the forewings the submedian spots unite with the marginal chevrons in very short bars, the submedians being much nearer the margin than usual. The basal spots are absent giving the wings a very obsolete appearance. Hindwings semi-obsolete, the submedian spots almost touching the marginal chevrons. The black marginal dots are also absent on all four wings.

ab. nigroarcuata (Meves.Ent.Tidskr.1914.35.p.3.)

The underside of the forewings ornamented with a thick, curved, black longitudinal streak in cell 1b. German description on p.38. Presumably the streak is blacker than in ab. melanotoxa Pincitore-Marott (arcuata Weymer). If the same, it must become a synonym.

ab. nigromaculata (Cockerell.Entom.1889.22.p.99.)

= celina Tutt.(nec.Oberthür.Aust.).Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.
= punctigera Aigner.Ann.Mus.Nat.Hung.1896.4.p.516.
= punctifera Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.23.

Male. On the hindwings a series of small black spots before the margin.

ab. nigroocellata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.154.)

On the underside the ocellated spots are without the white rings leaving only the black dots.

ab. obscurior (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.132.)

Female. The underside blackish.

ab. obsoleta (Gillmer.Int.Ent.Z.1908.2.p.178.,fig.Entom.36.p.249.)

= obsoleta Clark.(nom.nud.).Entom.1905.38.p.261.,see.Tutt.Brit.Lep.XI.p.156.
= persica Tutt.(nec.Bien.).Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.
= caeca Gillmer.Int.Ent.Z.1910.4.p.3.

On the underside all the submedian and basal spots are absent and the discoidal spots very weak.

ab. obsoleta-postico-extensa (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.164.)

On the underside of the forewings the spots are obsolete but on the hindwings they are wedge-shaped.

ab. oceanus (Bergsträsser.Nom.1779.3.p.9.pl.53.figs.3-4.)

= thetis Esper.Eur.Schmett.1777.1.p.332.pl.32.f.2.,homonym.Drury.1773.
= coerulea Aurivillius.

Female. The wings brown with blue scaling from the base to just beyond the discoidal and with orange marginal lunules on all wings. Similar to ab. thestylis Kirby, thestylis having only faint orange lunules on the forewings.

ab. pallescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.129.)

Female. The ground colour paler than typical, somewhat greyish in tinge. The form can be scaled with blue and can be with or without marginal lunules.

ab. pallida (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.,see.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.136.)

= rosea Verity.Bull.Soc.Ent.Fr.1903.p.288.
= opalizans Frohawk.Vars.Brit.Butts.1938.p.123.pl.28.f.2.

Male with the upperside pale lilac-blue with a reddish tinge. Verity’s rosea was very pale lilac-blue with a rosy reflection. Frohawk’s coloured figure is of a pale lilac-blue with a tinge of reddish. His description says it is of a pale opalescent colouring.

ab. pallidula (Tutt.(nom.nov.pro.female.pallida.Tutt).Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.147.)

= pallida Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.

Female. The original description of the female in Tutt’s early work Brit.Butts. was the wings brown shaded over with lilac-blue, darker costa, pale wedge-shaped mark and often pale blue margin bordering the orange lunules. In his later Brit.Lep.XI, realising that this was not the female of his male pallida, he renames this form pallidula.

ab. pampholyge (Bergsträsser.Nom.1779.2.p.77.pl.47.figs.1-2.)

Female. The wings brown with orange lunules on all wings, those of the hindwings edged externally with blue but no other blue scaling.

ab. parvipuncta (Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.24.)

On the underside the spots are very small.

ab. parvipuncta-icarinus (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.153.)

On the underside there are no basal spots on the forewings and all others are very small.

ab. persica (Bienert.Lep.Ergebnisse.1870.p.29.)

On the underside the ground colour is nearly white, the ocellated spots absent and the red marginal lunules reduced to pale shades. Some authors, including Tutt, include this as an aberration but it is from Persia and possibly only occurs there.

ab. polyphemus [a] (Esper.Eur.Schmett.1779.1.p.387.pl.Suppl.XXVI.f.2.)

Female. Forewings brown with blue scaling at the base and the hindwings with blue on the outer margin and with orange marginal lunules on all wings. The main character of this form is on the underside, a combination of united spotted forms.

ab. polyphemus [b] (Esper.Eur.Schmett.1779.1.p.387.pl.Suppl.XXVI.f.2.)

= complicata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.168.
= arcuata-retrojuncta Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.51.

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot united with the lowest submedian in the form of an arc just above the inner margin. On the hindwings the third basal spot united with its opposite submedian in a streak. This form is also described as an upperside form.

ab. postico-extensa (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.164.)

On the underside of the hindwings the submedian spots are elongated into ovals.

ab. postico-obsoleta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.155.,Ent.Rec.1910.22.p.100.)

= semipersica Rebel.(nec.Tutt).Berge’s Schmett.1910.Ed.9.p.70.
= postico-inocellata Gillmer.Ent.Z.1910.4.p.4.

On the underside of the hindwings there are no spots. Forewings more or less normal but tending towards obsolescence.

ab. postico-striata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.167.)

On the underside of the hindwings the submedian spots unite with the marginal chevrons in bars or streaks.

ab. posticoalbocincta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the hindwings ringed with white.

ab. posticoalbolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with orange marginal lunules on all wings, those of the hindwings being internally edged with white.

ab. posticoalbopuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the hindwings in the form of white spots with no black centre.

ab. posticocaeruleocincta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the hindwings ringed with blue.

ab. posticocaeruleolunulata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. Wings brown with orange marginal lunules on all wings, those of the hindwings being edged internally with blue.

ab. posticocaeruleopuncta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.130.)

Female. The discoidal spots of the hindwings in the form of blue spots with no black centre.

ab. posticodiscreta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside of the hindwings the submedian spots are thrown outwards towards the margin.

ab. posticoglomerata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside of the hindwings the submedian and basal spots are drawn in towards the discoidal spot forming a sort of semicircle around it.

ab. posticovirgularia (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.135.)

On the underside of the hindwings the spots between nervure Ia and Ib are elongated into the shape of a comma.

ab. pseudocyllarus (Verity.Bull.Soc.Ent.Fr.1903.p.288.)

Male. The wings with blue scaling only at the base. The rest of the wings brownish drab as though the blue scales had been rubbed off, the spots of the underside showing through. No marginal lunules.

ab. quadripuncta (Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.22.)

= tetrapuncta Fritsch.Berl.Ent.Z.1909.54.p.234.

On the underside of the forewing four basal spots instead of the normal two.

ab. quadruplex (Derenne.(nec.Courvoisier).Lamb.1931.31.pl.1.f.5.)

On the underside of the forewings the two basal spots are united to form a rather long mark. The lowest basal united with the lowest submedian in the form of an arc just above the inner margin. Hindwings with the first basal united with the first (top) submedian in a streak and the third basal united with its opposite submedian in another streak, thus making four streaks on each pair of wings. Derenne gives Courvoisier as the author but this was for bellargus [Adonis Blue]. Derenne becomes the author of this form in icarus. The figure does not show the basal spots of the forewings as a fairly long streak as the description says, it merely shows two very small spots joined together.

ab. quinquepuncta (Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.22.)

On the underside of the forewings five basal spots instead of the normal two.

ab. radiata [a] (Courvoisier.Z.Wiss.Ins.Biol.1907.3.p.37.)

= striata Tutt.1910.(nec.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175).Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.165.

On the underside of all wings the submedian spots unite with the marginal chevrons to form bars or streaks.

ab. radiata [b] (Oberthür.(nom.preoc.Courvoisier.1907).Lep.Comp.1910.4.p.240.pl.43.f.321.)

On the underside the forewings are obsolete with only the discoidal spot present. On the hindwings the submedian spots unite with the marginal chevrons in bars or streaks. The basal spots are well elongated.

ab. regnieri (Andre.Journ.Nat.Macon.1901.2.p.52.)

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot united with a submedian in an arc. On the hindwings a basal spot united with its opposite submedian in a streak near the costa (costajuncta).

ab. rufescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside the marginal lunules are bright vermilion.

ab. rufina (Oberthür.Etudes.1894.19.p.14.pl.6.f.52.)

= amoona Schultz.Ent.Z.1904.18.p.93.
= aurosa Bright & Leeds.Mon.Coridon.1938.p.118.

Female. Fore and hindwings the orange marginal lunules are drawn out into rays towards the discoidal spot, or beyond. Leeds states that his aurosa and similar forms cover Oberthür’s rufina. He however only mentions forewings.

ab. rufopunctatus (Neuburger.Soc.Ent.1907.21.p.180.)

= rufopunctata Rebel.Berge’s.Schmett.1910.p.70.

Male. On the upperside of the hindwings two orange spots on the blue ground of the margin towards the anal angle.

ab. rufotincta (Obraztsov.Z.Ost.Ent.Ver.1936.21.p.48.)

Female. The underside of the forewings with the submedian spots slightly suffused with orange, also the discoidal spot of the hindwings.

ab. semi-icarinus (Bell.Ent.Rec.1909.21.p.227.)

On the underside one forewing has no basal spots, the other forewing with the normal two. Hardly worthy of a name.

ab. semiarcuata (Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.29.pl.2.f.4d.left.)

= subarcuata Bell.Ent.Rec.1909.21.p.227.

On the underside of the forewings a basal spot attempts to unite with the lowest submedian as in melanotoxa, but just fails to meet in the middle

ab. semicandiope (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.162.)

On the underside one forewing has only one basal spot, the other forewing with the normal two. Hardly worthy of a separate name.

ab. semiclara (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.)

Female. The wings brown with bright blue bases and orange marginal lunules on all wings.

ab. semipersica (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.)

= subtus-minus-punctata Oberthür.Etudes.1896.20.p.23.pl.4.f.41.

On the underside of the hindwings the spots are more or less obsolete.

ab. sinecaerulescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside there is no sign of the usual blue scaling in the basal area.

ab. sinistro-obsoleta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.156.)

On the underside the right wings are normal but the left wings with the spots obsolete.

ab. sinistro-striata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.166.)

On the underside the right pair of wings are streaked or rayed, the left pair normal.

ab. striata (Tutt.Brit.Butts.1896.p.175.)

On the underside the spots more or less united into streaks. This name now is merely a ‘group’ name and of no use in the light of the various divisions of it made since. In 1907 Courvoisier named the form with the submedian spots radiating inwards towards the discoidal digitata, and with the spots radiating outwards to the margins radiata. Gillmer in 1908 tried to get things clear and defined Tutt’s striata as having the spots radiating inwards towards the discoidal as in Tutt’s striata of coridon [Chalk Hill Blue], but Tutt himself, with a strange obstinacy, would not have this at all and in Brit.Lep.XI.p.165 states that his striata of icarus had the spots radiating outwards to the margin, the exact opposite to his striata of coridon. Courvoisier however had already named the outwards radiation radiata so Tutt’s striata of 1910 becomes a synonym. Tutt then gives the name radiata ab.nov. for the form with the spots radiating inwards but Courvoisier had named this digitata in 1907. Both of Tutt’s 1910 definitions therefore fall. It would be better not to use the name striata Tutt of 1896.

ab. subalboocellata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.153.)

On the underside some of the spots are normal with black centres but the rest are merely white without centres.

ab. subcaerulescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside the basal area is blue-scaled as far as the discoidal spot.

ab. subobsoleta (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.154.)

= impunctata Oberthür.Lep.Comp.1910.4.p.240.pl.42.figs.322,325,326.
= paucipuncta Courvoisier.Iris.1912.26.p.63.

On the underside of the forewings some of the submedian spots and basal spots are absent. This can also apply to hindwings, or both fore and hindwings.

ab. subtus-maculis-extensis (Oberthür.Etudes.1896.20.pl.4.f.44.)

= antico-striata Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.167.
= radiata Oberthür.(nom.preoc.Courvoisier).Lep.Comp.1910.4.p.669.pl.41.f.229.

On the underside of the forewings the submedian spots are united with the marginal chevrons in the form of bars or streaks. Hindwings normal. It is doubtful if Oberthür’s name can stand, being merely a description.

ab. subtus-obscurior (Oberthür.Etudes.1896.20.p.23.pl.4.f.45.)

Female. The underside of the hindwings very dark brown.

ab. subtus-radiata (Oberthür.Etudes.1896.20.p.23.pl.4.f.43.)

On the underside of the forewings the submedian spots unite with the marginal chevrons in bars or streaks. The basal spots are also elongated, on one forewing a basal spot links up with the discoidal spot, which is also connected with a submedian spot in a long streak. Hindwings with the two topmost submedian spots united with the marginal chevrons.

ab. suffescens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.133.)

On the underside the marginal lunules are grey.

ab. superocellata (Lempke.Tijdschr.Ent.1955.98.p.316.)

On the underside of the forewings the subterminal spots miss (lack) the orange markings at their outer side. They have a roundish shape and are surrounded by a white ring. They therefore make the impression of an extra row of somewhat paler coloured eye-spots.

ab. supra-caerulea (Oberthür.Etudes.1896.20.pl.4.f.46.)

= amethystina Gillmer.Int.Ent.Z.1908.2.pp.10-11.

Female with the wings entirely blue from base to marginal lunules, even the costa is blue. The orange marginal lunules are well-developed on all four wings. Gillmer apparently did not accept Oberthür’s name taking it merely as a descriptive term. He cites the plate and figure by Oberthür and renames it amethystina. Some author’s accept Oberthür’s descriptive Latin terms, others do not.

ab. thestylis (Kirby.Jermyn’s Butt.Vade.Mecum.1827.p.167.)

Female. The wings black-brown with deep blue disc, the forewings with faint traces of marginal lunules, the hindwings with a band of orange lunules. Differs only from ab. oceanus Bergsträsser by the lunules on the forewings being faint.

ab. thestylis-albomarginata (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.144.)

Female. The wings blue from base to beyond the discoidal and with orange marginal lunules on all four wings. In addition, silvery-white external edging to the marginal spots of the hindwings.

ab. transiens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.164.)

= transiens ad. [transiens ad.] ab.radiatum Oberthür.Etudes.1896.20.pl.4.f.42.

On the underside of the forewings the submedian spots are elongated into ovals or of pyriform or cuneiform shape. Hindwings normal. Named by Tutt since Oberthür’s description of his figure is not a name.

ab. transparens (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.148.)

Both sexes. The wing scaling so thin that the spots of the underside show through.

ab. tripuncta (Courvoisier.Mitt.Schweiz.Ent.Ges.1903.XI.p.22.)

= tripunctata Fritsch.Berl.Ent.Z.1909.54.p.234.

On the underside of the forewings three basal spots instead of the normal two.

ab. virgularia (Tutt.Brit.Lep.1910.XI.p.134.)

On the underside of the forewings the lowest submedian spot is turned outwards to join the lowest marginal chevron.